HISTORY OF RAJPUT PART – II

The Rajputs (from the Sanskrit tatpurusha compound rājaputra, “son of a king”), are a ruling class of Indian subcontinent and south east Asia. In the Hindustani language, those belonging to the Kshatriya / Chattari Varna of Hindus are generally referred to as “Rajputs”. They rule in Indian sub-continent from 6th century to 20th century and south east Asia from 9th to 15th centuries, Nepal was the last empire of Rajputs which ended in 1950,Rajputs ruled more than 400[1] of the estimated 600 princely states at the time of India’s independence in 1947. Rajputs ruled 81 of out the 121 Salute states extant at the time of independence. Most Rajputs claim descent from Shri Ram and Shri Krishna. 

1. Origin of Rajputs

2. Chattis Rajkul

2.1 36 Royal Clans of India

2.1.1 Surya – Icshwaca or Ikshvaku (Surya – Raghu vansha)

2.1.2 Chandra or Som Vansha

2.1.3 Raghu – Surya – Raghu Vansha

2.1.5 Gohil

2.1.6 Yadu Vansha

2.1.7 Tomar (Puru) Vansha

2.1.8 Rathore Surya Vansha

2.1.9 Kushwaha Surya Vansha

2.1.10 Parmara( SODHA ) Agni Vansha

2.1.11 Chauhan Agni Vansha

2.1.12 Chalukya Agni Vansha

2.1.13 Pratihar Agni Vansha

2.1.14 Bargujar Surya Vansha

2.1.15 Gaur Vansha

2.1.16 Makwana Chandra Vansha

2.2 Other Rajput Royal clans in the royal 36

3 Early dynasties

3.1 Harsha Empire

3.2 Gurjara-Pratihar (Parihar) Rajput

3.3 Lonia-Chauhan rajput

3.4 Mair Rajput

3.5 Pala Dynasty-Gaur Rajputs

3.6 Janjua Rajput

3.7 Rana Rajput Dynasty of Nepal

3.8 Thakuri Dynasty

3.9 Gahadvala Rajput

3.10 Kacchawa Rajput

3.11 Guhilots Rajput of Nagda – Mewar(south Rajasthan)

3.12 Rai Dynasty of Sind

3.13 Chandels of Jijukbhkti – Mahoba

3.14 The Tomars/ Tanwars Rajput

3.15 Bargujar Rajput

3.16 Chalukya/Solanki Rajput

3.17 Hada Rajput

3.18 Paramara Rajput

3.19 Vaghela or Baghel Rajput

3.20 Lodhi Rajputs

3.21 Bundela Rajput

3.22 Rathore Rajput

3.23 Dogra Rajput

3.24 Gangavanshi Rajput

3.25 Sengar Rajput

3.26 Banaphar Rajput

3.27 Sikarwar Rajput

3.28 Pathania Rajput

3.29 Rajvanshi Rajput

3.30 Jethwa Rajput

3.31 Pundir Rajput

3.32 Pusapati Rajput

3.33 Mori/Maurya Rajput

3.34 Bhatti Rajput

3.35 Chib Rajput

3.36 Chand Kings

3.37 Jadeja Rajput

3.38 Shekhawat Rajput

3.39 Minhas or Manhas

3.40 Chauhan Rajput

3.41 Puar Rajputs

3.42 Katoch Rajput

3.43 Doad Rajput

3.44 Bhaduria Rajput

3.45 Samma Rajput

3.46 Soomra Rajput

3.47 Jarral Rajput

4 Rajput resistances to Muslim Attack

4.1 4.2 Gaznavid invasions

4.3 Gahadvala’s, Chandel’s, Tomar’s and Chauhan’s spread

4.4 Md. Ghori’s Invasion

4.5 Slave Dynasty and Rajputs

4.6 Fight against Khilji’s

4.7 Fight against Tuglaq’s

4.8 Lodhi’s and Mughal’s

4.9 Rajputs at the Rise of Mughals

4.9.1 Akbar and Rajputs

4.9.2 Jehangir and Rajputs

4.9.3 Aurangzeb and Rajput rebellion

5 Maratha Domination and British Rule

6 Independent India

7 References:

Rajput origins

Lands of the Kushanshas (Indo-Sassanian) and Hunas (Kushano-Hepthalites) in 565 AD Main articles: Rajput clans and Origin of Rajputs The Sanskrit word Rajputra is found in ancient texts, including the Vedas, the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata. It was used by the ancient Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini in the 4th century BCE. The word Kshatriya (“warrior”) was used for the Vedic community of warriors and rulers. To differentiate royal warriors from other Kshatriyas the word Rajputra was used, which literally means “Son of King” Rajputra eventually was shortened to Rajput. Rajputs belong to one of three great patrilineages, which are Suryavanshi, Chandravanshi and Agnivanshi there Some Other vans also Nagavanshi and Rishivansi.. Rajput literally means son of a King or royal blood. The British historians disclaim the puranic genelogies as given in Vishnu Purana [2], Vayu Purana as myths, but with advancing science a few of these ‘myths’ have indeed be proven correct (like the legend of Krishna and submerged Dwarika).  Most Rajputs, the medieval kings, nobles and farmers have a disputable origin. However, quite authoritatively identified, various theories of origin have been put forward. The first Rajputs kingdoms are attested in the 6th century BC, and the Rajputs rose to prominence in Indian history in the ninth and tenth centuries.This is however unlikely as the tribes present in the NWFP of Pakistan and the country Afghanistan are most probably descended from Huna, Kushans etc. they could be the modern day Hazaras, Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks and Nuristani and many more.The Huna’s were defeated in 528 AD by Yasodharman and in 532 a coalition of Hindu kings drives the Huna out of Northern India. The genetic analysis of Rajput clans indicate there is a close connection between the Punjabi Khatri/Arora clans and Rajputs clearly indicating that the rajputs are not outsiders as most tend to belive.[4]. Many tribes over the course of time became extinct because of war, or relocated to another location and changed their names. Traditionally, every rajput must belong to one of 36 rajput clans, the Chattis Rajkuls. During the rule of the British, Lieutenant Colonel James Tod visited Rajasthan and attempted to write a definitive list of the 36 Rajput tribes. However, everyone that he spoke to gave him varying lists. It can thus be concluded that any caste or clan that had furnished warriors or was politically dominant in a particular region could justly call itself Rajput.deora sirohi

Chattis Rajkul

Locations of Hun successor states in 500 AD. Today with the aid of inscriptions and copper plates discovered, it is possible to trace the history of the royal clans with considerable certainty. However they were not available in 17-18th century when a number of chronicles (khyats) were compiled, often based on oral tradition. By this time, the Agni-kunda myth had been expanded to explain the origin of four of the major clan. James Tod wrote his influential book The Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan in 1829 and 1832 on the basis of these chronicles. Other authors have used some of his hypotheses, even though the texts discovered and read during the 20th century show that Todd’s hypotheses are sometimes inaccurate. The chattis rajkul are list of kings of the 36 different states of India. During the time of Alexander the Great’s invasion in 3rd century B.C. there were 16 great kingdom’s in India called Mahajanpada’s. Each Mahajanapada had several janapada’s and their number was about 36. Chattis Rajkul or 36 royal clans include clans from Suryavansha, Chandravansha, Agnivansha, and Nagvansha. Suryavanshi’s are descendants of surya (sun god) and one of them was Lord Sri Ram, an incarnation of Hindu trinity Vishnu. Lord Krishna was chandravanshi. Even today Suryavanshi Rajputs pray to Lord Sri Ram and Chandravanshi’s pray to Lord Sri Krishna. The Agnivanshi’s pray to various deities including Lord Sri Ram and Lord Sri Krishna.

36 Royal Clans of India Tod’s list published in 1820′s [5][6] Surya – Icshwaca or Ikshvaku (Surya – Raghu vansha) Surya Vansha and Ikshvaku vansha: ancestor of Raja Raghu, Raja Dashrath, Raja Ram. Also of Raja Janak Jamwal Rajput’s (SURYA VANSHI J&K) TOPHSHERKHANIA Chandra or Som Vansha The Lunar Dynasty starts with the son of Chandrama, the Moon-god. Chandrama had eloped with Tara, the wife of Brihaspati from whom he got a son Budh. Budh came across Ila, the daughter of Vaivasvat Manu, wandering in the forest and enchanted by her beauty, married her. They begot a mighty son, Pururava or Yela (from Ila) who was a very virtuous king and became one of the six World-Monarchs. He established the city of Prayaag which later became the capital of his kingdom. Yaduvansh Yadu, [Yayati’s first son] there was a great dynasty. Since he had lost the right to rule because of his refusal to fulfill his father’s wish, his descendants began to be known by a different name, that of Yadavs or Yaduvanshis. In this dynasty descended the Supreme Lord Krishna, the Supersoul. Of Yadu there were the four sons celebrated as Sahasrajit, Kroshtha, Nal and Ripu.

1). Yadu’s second son Kroshtha became the principal ruler. He had a son with the name Vrijinvan/Vrajpita. His son was Svahit who next had Vishadgu of whom there was Chitrarath, from whom Shashibindu took his birth, a great yogi who undefeated as an emperor, had all the fourteen kinds of great riches. Under his leadership the Kroshtha Yadavs won many states from the Purus and Druhyus. He had ten thousand wives, and in them he begot thousands of sons and one daughter Bindumati who was married to the famous ruler from Suryavansh- Maandhata. King Maandhata had won the Kanyakubj kingdom from the Anuz along with parts of land from Pauravs and Druhyus. From the mighty sons of Shashibindu, Bhoj was the eldest. Prithushrava [another son] had a son with the name Dharma. Ushna, his son performed a hundred Ashvamedh sacrifices. Of his son Ruchak, there were five sons named Purujit, Rukma, Rukmeshu, Prithu and Jyamagh. Jyamagh’s wife Shaivya, after a long period of sterility, gave birth to the auspicious Vidarbh who later married a chaste girl from the enemy clans that was chosen as his daughter-in-law by Jyamagh himself. Vidarbh had three sons Kaushik, Rompad [who propogated the line of Chedis], and Krath. # Krath’s line progressed as follows: Kunti-Dhrishti-Nirvitti-Darshah (whose generations were called Darshah Yadavs)-Vyom-Bhim-Jimut-Vikriti-Bhimrath-Navrath-Dashrath-Shakuni-Kribhi-Devrat-Devrat-Devshastra-Madhu (whose generations were called the Madhavs)-Kumârvansh-Anshu-Puruhotra/Purumitra-and finally Satvatt. Satvatt had six sons – Andhak, Bhajan, Bhajman, Devvardh, Vrishni and Divya. -King Andhak’s state was in Mathura and he had two sons, Kukur and Bhajman. The generations of Kukur were Drashnu-Kapot Rome-Devatta Viloman-Nal-Abhijit-Punarvasu and Ahuk. Ahuk had two sons, Devak and Ugrasen. Devak’s daughter Devaki was married to Vasudev, the grandson of Devmudh. Ugrasen’s son was the evil Kamsa, who by force dethroned his father and himself became the king and was later killed by Lord Krishna Himself. Bhajman’s generations included Vidurth-Rajdhidev-Shur-Shodashva-Shami-Pratiksharat- and Hridayat. Hridayat had five sons out of which the eldest two supported the Kaurav side in the Mahabharat War. They were Kritvarma and Shatdanva who also killed Shatrajit, the father-in-law of Shri Krishna.

2). From Sahsrajit, was born Shatjit, who had as his sons then Mahahaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya. Dharma then became Haihaya’s son and his son Netra was the father of Kunti [not Kuntî]. Sohan’ji became the son of Kunti and he begot Mahishman who had Bhadrasen. Durmad was born of Bhadrasena together with Dhanak. Dhanak fathered the sons Kritavirya, Kritagni, Kritavarma and Kritauja. Of Kritavirya there was Arjun [Kartaviryarjun] who became emperor over the seven continents and obtained all the great qualities [the eight siddhis] of yoga from Lord Dattatreya, an incarnation of the Supreme Personality. But then he became a tyrant and forced the Bhargav Brahmins of Narmada river to obtain shelter in Ayodhya under the Suryavanshi rulers. This created enmity between the Brahmins and the Haihaya Kshatriyas. Then he forcibly took away the Divine Cow Kamdhenu from the Ashram of Rishi Yamdagni. The rishi’s son Lord Parshuram, who had taken birth for the precise purpose of ridding the Earth of such evil rulers, destroyed his whole clan.His thousand sons only five remained alive in the fight with Parashuram: Jayadhvaj, Shursen, Vrishabh, Madhu and Urjit. Jaydhvaj had Talajangh of whom then a hundred sons were born. They made up a cruel Kshatriya clan known as the Talajanghas, that was destroyed thanks to the power [that Sagar] received from sage Aurva. Of Talajangh’s eldest son Vîtihotra, there was Madhu, who had a hundred sons of whom, the celebrated Vrishni was the eldest. In the lineage of Vrishni, there were born Devmudh, Sumitra, Yuddhjit and Samudravijay. Samudravijay had a son Neminath who was a highly realized soul. Sumitra had two sons Prasen and Sâtyaki. Sâtyaki’s son was Shatrajit and his daughter was Satyabhama. Devmudh had a son Shursen, who had a son Vasudev. Vasudev had eight wives. Devaki was the prominent among them. Nine children were born to them. Kansa, the brother of Devaki, killed six of them. Seventh was Balram, who had been transferred to the womb of Vasudev’s first wife Rohini, eighth Lord Shri Krishna, and at ninth place was her daughter Subhadra.

Lineage of Shri Krishna

The Supreme Lord Himself came on this planet to wipe out evil before the beginning of the next yuga, Kaliyug. The purpose of His coming was also to fulfill the wishes of all His devotees. Thus, He gave the love of a devoted son to two sets of parents, His friendship to numerous Gopas and Gopis, and Conjugal love to sixteen thousand one hundred and eight queens! Out of these, eight were his principal queens whom he had wed to strengthen political alliances. The rest were celestial damsels who had been captured by the evil demon Narkasur, and when freed by the Lord, they requested only His protection and refused to return back to the heavens. Lord Krishna’s first wife was Rukmini, the daughter of King Bhishmak of Vidarbh. She was the living incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi. They had nine sons and one daughter- Princes Pradyumna, Sucharu, Chakbhadra, Sadasva, Hasva, Charugupta, Charuk, Charuhas and Princess Charukhasti. His second queen was Satyabhama, the daughter of King Shatrajit. They had seven sons- Princes Bhanu, Bhimrath, Khad, Rohit, Diptiman, Tambrandh and Jalandham. The third queen was Surya, the daughter of King Surya, and the fourth queen was Mantra-vrinda, the daughter of Mantra-vrind. From her, there were three sons-Princes Sumitr, Charumitra and Mitravrind. The fifth queen was Satya, the daughter of King Satyajit, and sixth was Lakshmana, the daughter of King Mandra. The immortal bear-warrior Jambvant, who had asissted the Lord in His Shri Raam incarnation, gave his daughter Jambvati to Him in marriage. She had a son who was named Samb. The eighth queen of the lord was Bhadra, the daughter of King Bhadrasen. Pradyumna was the re-incarnation of Kamdev, and was hence re-united with his wife Rati after coming of age. He had two sons Vrijnabh and Aniruddh. Aniruddh was married to Usha, the daughter of a mighty demon king Banasur who was defeated by Lord Krishna after he had captured Aniruddh and put both him and his daughter under house-arrest. Their son was Mrigketan. When Bana was defeated, his kingdom of Kashyap-pur (Multan) was given to Samb, the son of Jambvati. He built a great temple for Lord Surya there. He also married Rama, a niece of Usha, and had a son called Ushneek. The glorious Yaduvansh went into decadence after the Mahabharat War. Gandhari, the queen of hastinapur remarked to Shri Krishna that if He had wanted, He could have stopped the war anytime. Her extreme grief over the loss of her ninety-nine sons made her blame Shri Krishna for the end of her Kul. Even though she could not put a curse on the Supreme lord Himself, she cursed the Yadu Dynasty to suffer and perish in the next thirty-six years. Thereafter, Yaduvanshis disappeared in the mists of time and their capital city Dwarka, was submerged in the sea. As long as the Supreme Lord was present on Earth, Kaliyug could not arrive, but after the Lord went back to His abode, within seven days, it took hold of the entire planet. Puruvansh Puru, the youngest son of Yayati gave rise to the mighty Puruvansh which ruled the land. Janmejay was the one who appeared from Puru. Prachinvan was his son and from him was there Pravir after whom Manusyu appeared; it was of him that Charupad appeared. The son appearing from him was Sudyu who had a son named Bahugav of whom was born Samyati who had a son named Ahamyati. The memorable Raudrashva was his son. He, with an Apsara girl Ghritachi, had ten sons: Riteyu, Kaksheyu, Sthandileyu, Kriteyuka, Jaleyu, Sannateyu, Dharmeyu, Satyeyu, Vrateyu and Vaneyu as the youngest. From Riteyu appeared a son named Rantinav and his three sons, a ruler of man, were Sumati, Dhruv and Apratirath. Kanva was Apratirath’s son. Of him there was Medhatithi of whom there were Prashkann and others who were all twice-born souls. From Sumati there was Rebhi whose son is the known Dushyant. Once, Dushyant went hunting and arrived at the hermitage of sage Kanva. When he came there saw he a woman sitting who shone in her own beauty like the goddess of fortune. The maiden was Shakuntala, and both of them fell in love with each other and decided to marry there and then in a Gandharv marriage. After due time, Shakuntala then gave birth to a mighty son Bharat. Kanva Muni executed in the forest the prescribed ceremonies for the son who as a child was remembered to capture a lion by force and play with it. After his father passed away, his son and he became an emperor of great fame and glory celebrated as a partial representation of the Lord on this earth. With the mark of the Chakra on his right hand and the mark of the lotus-whorl on his soles, was he of worship with a great ceremony and was he promoted to the position of the topmost ruler and master over everything. In the Mashnar sacrifice where Bhrigu rishi was the priest, he gave in charity fourteen lakhs of fine black elephants with the whitest tusks, complete with golden ornaments. Just like it is for certain impossible to seize the heavenly planets by the strength of one’s arms, it is neither possible to parallel the exalted activities of Bharat, nor will any of the human rulers after him ever be able to attain such a thing. He became a world-monarch and this part of the continent has since ever been called Bhaarat in his honour. All such barbarian rulers of man against the Brahminical culture as the Kirats [Africans], the northern tribes [Huns], the Yavans [Greeks] the Paundras [the wild men of south Bihar and Bengal] and the Kanks, the Khasas [the Mongolians] and the Shakas he killed conquering all directions. The great king had three wives, daughters of Vidarbha. After he performed a Marut-stoma sacrifice to beget sons, the Maruts themselves presented him a valiant son Bharadvaj. From Vitatha [Bharadvaj], was born a son Manyu, and from him, there were Brihatkshatra, Jay, Mahavirya, Nar and Garg. # of them, Nar had Sankriti, and Sankriti had Guru and the extremely generous Rantidev; the glories of whom are sung in this world and the next. #From Garg, there was Shini, from whom came Gârgya, of whom despite of his Kshatriya birth, a whole line of Brahmins originated. #From Mahavirya there was Duritakshay whose sons were named Trayaruni, Kavi and Pushkararuni. They all achieved the position of Brahmins. #Hasti became Brihatkshatra’s son who founded the city of Hastinapur. Ajamidh, Dvimidh and Purumidh were the sons of Hasti. Ajamidh’s descendants were headed by Priyamedh, while Purumidh was without a son. -Yavinar born of Dvimidh had Kritiman for his son and his son well known is Satyadhriti whose son Dridhanemi was the father of Suparshva. Suparshva had Sumati whose son Sannatiman had one called Kriti, who from Lord Brahma got the mystic power to teach the six Prâcyasâma Samhitâ’s [Saam-ved verses]. Of him came Nîp, of whom Udgrayudh was born. His son was Kshemya, of whom came Suvir. From Suvir was there Ripun’jay. The one from him was named Bahurath. -From Ajamîdh there was a son Brihadishu, his son was Brihaddhanu, Brihatkaya came thereafter and his son was Jayadrath. His son was Vishad of whom Syenajit was born and his sons were Rucirâshva, Dridhahanu, Kâshya and Vatsa. Rucirashva’s son was Pâr, from him was Prithusen and then Nip. He begot Brahmadatt, a yogi who from his wife Sarasvati had Vishvaksen. By the instruction of rishi Jaigishavya he wrote a description of yoga. He had a son Udaksen and from him there was Bhallath of Ajamidh from the wife Nalini, was born Neel who then had Shanti as his son. Shanti’s son Sushanti had Puruj, Ark was his son and from him generated Bharmyashva who had five sons with Mudgal as the eldest, Yavinar, Brihadvishva, Kampil and San’jay. He prayed to them: ‘My sons, if you’re really capable, then care for all the different states’. Thus received they the name of Panchâls [of the Five States]. From Mudgal was there a line consisting of Brahmins known as Maudgalyas. Two non-identical twins, one male and one female were born to Mudgal. The male was called Divodas and the female was Ahalya. From Divodas was Mitrâyu born and his sons, were Chyavan, Sudas, Sahadev and Somak. Somak was the father of Jantu. Of him, there were a hundred sons, and the youngest of them was Prishat. From him was Drupad born, who conducted a massive fire-sacrifice and obtained the beautiful daughter Draupadi [the wife of the Pandavs]. His sons were led by Dhrishthadyumna of whom there was Dhrishtaketu. Of Ahalya’s marriage with Gautam rishi was Shatanand born. Of him there was a son Satyadhriti, and of Sharadvan, his son, were, simply by seeing Urvashi, of his semen falling on a clump of shar grass, a male and a female child born. During a hunt, King Shantanu saw the twins whom he out of compassion took with him, naming the boy Krip and the girl Kripi. She later became Dronacharya’s wife. Kuruvansh -Riksha was another son born from Ajamidh. His son Samvaran begot in his wife Tapti, the daughter of Sun-God Surya, the mighty Kuru, who found the city of Kurukshetra. After growing up, Kuru mastered all the four Vedas and other scriptures within a very short period. At the raw age of 24, he became a scholar. When he attained marriageable age, he was married to Saudamini- the daughter of Sudama. Later on, he was appointed as the successor by his father, Samvaran. After becoming the king, Kuru ruled his subjects in a just manner but very soon he got bored of his monotonous life. He knew that only those kings became immortal who accomplished amazing feats. He decided to do something for which people would remember him. With the objective of making his name immortal, he went to the most sacred place called Samantpanchak and decided to cultivate the eight virtues of Tapa, Satya, Kshama, Daya, Shauch, Daan, Yuga and Brahmacharya on its barren land. He started ploughing a piece of land with a golden plough, which was pulled by Lord Shankar’s bull Nandi, and Yamaraj’s buffalo Paundrak. While he was busy ploughing the field, Indra approached him and asked suspiciously as to what he was trying to cultivate. When Kuru revealed his intentions, Indra made fun of him and went back. But Kuru continued to cultivate the land. In a very short time, he had already cultivated the land measuring 7 kosas.Pleased by his perseverance, Lord Vishnu Himself arrived and asked the same question. Kuru told him that all these eight virtues were present in his own body and it would not be a difficult task to cultivate these things. He then offered his own body in a sacrifice to the Lord! Lord Vishnu was pleased with his devotion and asked him to demand anything. Kuru replied- “All the area cultivated by me should become famous as a sacred pilgrimage. All the devotees who visit or die at this sacred pilgrimage must attain salvation. This place should be known by my name.” This is how the most sacred place of pilgrimage- Kurukshetra came into existence. Parikshi, Sudhanu, Jahnu and Nishadh were Kuru’s sons. From Sudhanu was Suhotra born and from him came Chyavan of whom there was Kriti of him there was the famous Uparichar Vasu. His sons headed by Brihadrath were Kushamb, Matsya, Pratyagra, Chedip and others. They all became rulers of the state of Chedi. From Brihadrath was Kushagra born. Of his son Rishabh was Saspan style=”color: #993300″36 Royal 3.17 Hada Rajput Clans of Indiabr /tyahit born who as his offspring had Pushpvân whose son was Jahu. Brihadrath being with also a second wife had a son who was born in two parts! The demoness Jara playfully united the two parts of the baby saying: ‘Come alive, come alive’, so that a son called Jarâsandh was born [who later became an enemy of Lord Krishna]. From him was then Sahadev born of whose son Somapi there was Shrutashrava. Parikshi [another son of Kuru] had no children while of Jahnu one was born named Surath. From him there was Vidurath of whom Sarvabhaum was born. Hspan style=”color: #993300″ e had Jayasen and from his son Radhik2/p span style=”color: #993300″pp.1.14 Bargujar Surya Vansha/s /ppan was Ayutayu born. From him then there was Akrodhan who had a son named Devtithi of whom Riksh was born who had a son called Dilip and of him there was the son Prateep. Of him there were the sons Devapi, Shantanu and Vahlik. Vahlik generated Somdatt and from him were Bhuri, Bhurishrava and Shal. Devapi the eldest rejected kingship and left for the forest so that Shantanu became the king. Shantanu, in his previous life had been the celebrated Mahabhish; whomever he touched with his hands attained youth however old that person would be. Because one indeed primarily by the touch of his hands could get the youth of pleasure, he was known as Shantanu. When Indra, for twelve years had not sent down rain in his kingdom, Shantanu was advised by the wise Brahmins: ‘Give immediately, for the elevation of your stronghold and kingdom, the realm back to your elder brother.’ Thus advised, Shantanu asked Devapi to take charge of the kingdom. But Devâpi had no desire to rule, and gave back the right to reign. When that was said, the demigod showered the rains. Devapi later sought his refuge in the village of Kalâp taking up the practice of yoga. The Som-dynasty lost in Kali-yug will [by him] at the beginning of the next Satya-yuga be re-established! Shantanu begot in his wife Ganga the self-realized great devotee and scholar Bhishm, the best of all defenders of the dharma. He also begot from his second wife Satyavati, the daughter of Das [a fisherman] two sons Chitrangad and Vichitravirya. Satyavati, previous to her marriage to Shantanu had by the mercy of sage Parashar incarnated an expansion of the Lord who was a great muni protecting the Veda’s: Krishna Dvaipayan Vyas. Chitrangad was killed by a Gandharv of the same name. Vichitravirya, the younger son, married two daughters of Kashiraj, Ambika and Ambalika. But he soon died of tuberculosis. There being no offspring, Vyasdev begot Dhritrashtra and Pandu [with Ambika and Ambalika] and Vidur [with maidservant Vinita]. From his wife Gandhara were of Dhritrashthra a hundred sons born, of whom Duryodhan and Dushasan were the eldest, as well as one daughter called Duhsala. Pandu because of a curse had to restrain his sexual life, and so the great Pandav heroes, took birth by means of a mantra given to Kunti, by the sage Durvasa. The three Yuddhishthir, Bheem and Arjun were begotten by Dharma, Indra and Vayu [not mentioning Karna from Surya]. Nakul and Sahdev were in the womb of Madri begotten by the two Ashvins [Nasatya and Dasra]. From these five brothers came [with Draupadi] five sons into this world: Yudhishthhir had Prativindhya, Bheem had Shrutsen, from Arjun came Shrutakirti and of Nakul there was Shatanik. Sahdev had Shrutkarma. There indeed were also other sons: from Yudhishthhir was there with Pauravi a son Devak, Bheem had Ghathotkach with Hidimba and Sarvagat with Kali. Likewise had Sahdeva with Vijaya, the daughter of the Himalayan king, Suhotra born from him. Nakul had with Renumati a son named Narmitra. Arjun had the son Iravan from the womb of Ulup [a Naag-daughter] and the son Babhruvahan with the princess of Manipur Chitrangada, who was adopted by the father -in-law. From Subhadra [Krishna’s sister] was born Abhimanyu who was a great hero who defeated all Atiratha’s [’those who can oppose a thousand charioteers’] and died gloriously in the Mahabharat War. His son was Parikshit, who took birth from Uttara. With the annihilation of the Kuru-dynasty, Ashvatthama, the son of Dron, tried to put him also to death with the heat of the Brahmastra-weapon, but by the mercy of Lord Krishna, he was saved. All the sons of Parikshit, beginning with Janmejay first, Shrutsen, Bheemsen and Ugrasen – were of great power. The eldest son, knowing that his father had died from the bite of Takshak, the king of the snakes, organized and offered in a fire sacrifice almost all the snakes of the world. Shatanik, his son, with Yajn’avalkya thoroughly studied the three Vedas, realized the military art from Kripacharya and with Shaunak achieved the transcendental. Sahasranik his son, had Ashvamedhaj, and from him was Asimakrishna who had a son Nemichakra. With Hastinapur flooded by the river, Nemichakra duly lived at Kaushambi, whereafter from his son called Chitrarath there was the son Shuciratha. From him was born Vrishthiman from whom was Sushen, an emperor born. His son Sunît had one called Nrichakshu and from him was Sukhinal. Pariplav was his son and from Sunay after him was Medhavi; from him there was Nripan’jay, who had Durva and by him Timi took birth. Of Timi, was born Brihadrath of whom Sudas had the son Shatanik. Shatanik had a son named Durdaman and his son was Mahinar. Dandpani, from him, had Nimi from whom Kshemak took birth. With Kshemak closing the row as the monarch there was an end to this dynasty, this source of Brahmins and Kshatriyas respected by the seers and the godly in Kali-yuga. The aftermath of the terrible Mahabharat War, was so mammoth that for a few centuries to come, history came to a standstill. This phase of Indian history would be stagnant until the coming of the Lord again in the form of Buddha, the Enlightened One. Next in the future, will be the kings of Magadh. Other sons of Yayati

1). Turvasu [Yayati’s second son] had the son Vahni. Vahni had next Bharg who begot Bhanuman. Tribhanu, his son, had also one: the magnanimous Karandham. His son was Marut; he, sonless, adopted a Paurav [Dushmant] as his son. Dushmant desirous for the throne, turned back to his clan [the Purus].

2). Druhyu [Yayati’s third son] there was a son Babhru who next begot Setu. Arabdha born from him had Gandhar and of him there was Dharma. He had Dhrita, and of Dhrita there was Durmad of whom the son Praceta had a hundred sons. They as kings accepted the jurisdiction over the northern direction, the uncivilized areas of Mlecchadesh.

3). Anu [the fourth son obr /br /f Yayati] were there the three sons Sabhanar, Chakshu and Pareshnu. From Sabhanar thereafter came Kalanar and a son of him called Srin’jay. Of Janmejay [after him] there was a son Mahâshâl who had Mahamana. Ushinar and Titikshu were the two sons of Mahamana. Shibi, Vara, Krimi and Daksh were the four born from Ushinar. Vrishadarbh, Sudhir, Madra and the self-realized Kekaya were four sons born from Shibi. Of Titikshu there was one called Rushadratha from whom there was Hom who begot Sutapa. Bali was Sutapa’s son. Headed by Anga, Vanga and Kalinga were Suhma, Pundra and Odra known as being born from Dirghatma in the wife of the great conqueror Bali. It were their names that were given to the six states they created in the East [of India]. From Anga came Khalpan into existence and from him appeared thereafter Divirath. From Dharmarath, his son, was Chitrarath born, celebrated as Rompad. Rompad had no son and thus gave to his friend Dashrath, Shanta, his own daughter [to be adopted], who then married Rishyashringa a hermit who lived in the forest. On behalf of the king, Rishyashringa established a Marutvan [son-giving] sacrifice so that Dashrath [as the father-in-law] was delivered a child. And so did Rompad, sonless, indeed achieve offspring; he got Chaturanga who then had Prithulaksh for his son. Brihadrath, Bstrongbr /br /rihatkarma and Brihadbhanu were his sons. From the eldest [Brihadratha] was there Brihanmana and from him was there the one celebrated as Jayadrath. Vijay with him born from Sambhuti had thereafter Dhriti and from him took Dhritavrat his birth, of whom came Satkarma who had Adhirath. He, bathing at the bank of the Ganges found in a basket the baby that was abandoned by Kuntî because it was born before she was married. Being sonless he adopted it as his son [Karna]. Vrishasen was Karna’s son. The Great War of Mahabharat between the Pandavas and the Kauravas happened in 3139 BC. The Pandavas, after winning the Mahabharat war, ruled Hastinapur for 36 years and 8 months until the beginning of kaliyug in 3102 BC. Since the Mahabharat war and the beginning of kaliyug were important historical events, they have been widely documented in Bhartiya scriptures and frequently referenced by great scholars such as Mahakavi Kalidas, the greatest poet, writer and the literary figure of his time and Aryabhatt, the greatest astronomer and mathematician. There are astrological, natural, geographical, physical, inscriptional and scriptural evidences that unquestionably establish the date of Mahabharat war as 3139 BC and the beginning of kaliyug as 3102 BC.

History of Hastinapur The dynasty of Surya Vansh of Kaushal (Ayodhya) ends with Sumitra (Bhagwatam 9/12/16); the dynasty of Chandra Vansh of Hastinapur ends with Chemak (Bhagwatam 9/22/44, 45); and the dynasties of the kingdom of Magadh flourished up to the Gupt dynasty (80’s BC). The kingdom of Hastinapur, after Chemak, was constantly ruled by the people who took over the throne. An ancient book describing the date-wise chronology of all the kings of Hastinapur (Indraprasth or Delhi) from Yudhishthir up to Vikramaditya was found by the proprietors of the fortnightly magazine of Nathdwara (Rajasthan) called “Harishchandra Chandrika and Mohan Chandrika” in about 1872 AD. The proprietor of the magazine printed the entire description in two of its issues (called kiran) 19 and 20 of 1882. The figure above is only a section of the magazine. It gives full date-wise detail of each and every king who ruled Hastinapur from Yudhishthir up to Vikramaditya. This is one of the rarest records that survived through this magazine. The description is detailed to year-month-days of each and every king who ruled. By adding the total number of years of the four dynasties from Yudhishthir to Vikramaditya, it comes to 3,148 years which is 3111 Kali era or 9 AD, which represents the date when Vikramaditya left this earth planet. Vikramaditya ruled Hastinapur for 93 years from 83 BC to 9 AD. Accordingly, the date for the Mahabharat war comes to (3148 – 9 = 3139 BC). According to the Bhavishya Puran and Rajtarangini, Vikramaditya lived between 102 BC and 15 AD; and according to the above details his period ends by 9 AD. There is only a difference of 6 years in the date-wise record of 70 kings who ruled Hastinapur for 3,055 years. A discrepancy of 6 years in 3,000 years of record could be a copying or printing mistake, and is thus negligible when dealing with a longer span of years. The unbroken chronology of the exact dates of all the Hindu kings of the 4 dynasties that ruled Hastinapur (up to Vikramaditya) since the reign of Yudhishthir is the most potent evidence that Mahabharat war had happened in 3139 BC. Astrological Descriptions There is a most prestigious, 48 page detailed date-wise journal (panchang) with all the astrological facts and figures called “Vishva Panchangam”, established in 1925 and published by Kashi Hindu Vishvavidyalaya (Benares Hindu University), Varanasi. It gives all the three eras: Kali era, Vikram era and (Shalivahan) Shak era. It is as thus:It says on page 3 that 5,100 years have already elapsed before 2056 Vikram year which is 1999 AD. It means that the existing Kali era is 5101 in 1999 AD, which comes to (5101 – 1999) 3102 BC. Aryabhatt The greatest astronomer and mathematician, Aryabhatt, was born in 476 AD. His work in astronomy is an asset to the scholars. He gave an accurate figure for pi () 3.1416. He finished his book “Aryabhattiya” in 499 AD in which he gives the exact year of the beginning of kaliyug. He writes, “When the three yugas (satyug, tretayug and dwaparyug) have elapsed and 60 x 60 (3,600) years of kaliyug have already passed, I am now 23 years old.” It means that in the 3,601st year of Kali era he was 23 years old. Aryabhatt was born in 476 AD. Thus, the beginning of kaliyug comes to 3,601 – (476 + 23) = 3102 BC. Lord Krishn ascended to His Divine abode at the end of dwaparyug and immediately kaliyug started in 3102 BC. When Bhagwan Krishn left the earth planet and ascended to His Divine abode a catastrophic rain, storm and sea deluge, that lasted for seven days, totally drowned and destroyed Dwarika town. This catastrophe was also recorded in Babylonia’s ancient town Ur (which was mythologized in the West as Noah’s flood) and the ancient Mayan records. The dates of both are the same. (For a complete list of kings of Hastinapur from Yudhishthir to Vikramaditya and their exact reigning periods and for detailed physical, geographical, inscriptional and scriptural information about the date of Mahabharat war and the beginning of kaliyug, read pages 477–506 of “The True History and the Religion of India” which documents 17 positive evidences.)

Yadu Vansha

Yadu – Chandra – Yadu Vansha-Yadav- Jadu, Jadon, Bhati, Jadeja, Bharra. sirohi deora Tomar (Puru) Vansha Tanwar – Chandra – Puru Vansha – 17 main branches Pathania, Jatu, Janghara or Jaggara Janjua etc. Runecha, Gvelera, Beruar, Bildaria, Khati, Indoria, Jwala (Patan Rajasthan), Ritalia, Somwal, Raikwal, Mohala, Suniar, Jodhana, Namal, Miha, Saidha, Chandoria, Supal, Devat, Meeri, Panwa, Damdera, Ladhwa, Godhewa, Atawari, Sarohe, Jairawta, Raghotanwar, Satrawala, Kalia, Udmattia, etc.

Raghu – Surya – Raghu Vansha

                                       Raghuvansha from Ancestor of Raja Ram.

Jayas Gohil Guhilot –

Surya Vansha -

Ikshvaku Vansha – Raja Ram -

Lav Vansha; 24 branches - Aharya, Mangaliya, Sisodiya, Ranawat, Mahthan, Shaktawat Bhanawat Achlawat Chaturbhujot Veeramdevot, Chundawat, Sangawat, Chandrawat, Kshemawat, Suhawat etc. Naru, Pipara, Kalam, Gahor, Dhorniya, Gaura, Magarsa, Bhimala, Bansal, Kamkotak, Kutecha, Sora, Uhar, Useba, Nirrup, Nadoriya, Nadhota, Ujarka, Kutaehara, Dusaudh, Bateora, Paha, Purot, KHANGAROT Rathore Surya Vansha Rathore – Surya Vansha – 24 Branches (alphabetical) - Pundir, Bika, Boola, Champawat, Chandawat, Dangi, Jaitawat, Jaitmallot, Jodha, KARNOT, Khabaria, Khokhar, Kotaria, Kumpawat, Mahecha, Mertia, Mehrania LALOTRA Mopa, Pokharan, Randa, Sihamalot, Sandalya, Udawat, Vanar, Vikramayat, Vidawat. Kushwaha Surya Vansha Cutchwaha or Kushwaha – Surya Vansha – Ikshvaku Vansha – Raja Ram – Kusha Vansha; Rajawat, Shekhawat, Sikarwar, Jamwal, Sheobramhpota, Minhas, Naruka, Nathawat, Khangarot, Kumbhani, Taroliya Kacchhawa Detailed list of sub branches Bargujar – Surya Vansha – 5 Branches - Khadad, Lawtamia, Taparia, Madadh Gaur Vansha Gaur – 5 branches Makwana Chandra Vansha Jhala – 2 Branches – Makwana of Gujarat ZALA – 2 Branches – Makwana Other Rajput Royal clans in the royal 36 Most are Eka, having no sub-branches. Chawura Tak or Takshak Hun Catti or Kathi of Gujarat Balla Jaitwa Kirar Sarweya Silar Dabi Doda Gherwal Sengar Sikerwal Byce or Bais Dahia Jobya or Johya Mobil Nikumpa Rajpali Dahinia or Dahima 26 Bidawats Parmara( SODHA ) Agni Vansha Pramara – Agni Vansha – 35 branches – Pawar, Puar, Mori, Sodha, Baharia, Ujjainia, Bholpuria, Sounthia, Chawda, Sumda, Sankla, Doda, Bharsuria, Yashoverma, Khair, Umra, Sumra,Mairawat, Balhar, Kaba, Omata, Dhundia, Remar, Sortla, Harir,Jhumana etc. DHUDI-of which most of the clans trace their genealogy. Raja Bikarmajeet and Raja Bhoj are from this clan. Mori—of which was Chandragupta, and the princes of Chittore prior to the Gahlots. Sodha—Sogdi of Alexander, the princes of Dhat in the Indian desert. Sankla—Chiefs of Pugal; and in Marwar. Kliair—Capital Khairalu. Umra and Sumra—Anciently in the desert, now Mahomedans. Vihil or Bihil—Princes of Chandravati. Maipawat—Present chief of Bijolli in Mewar. Bulhar—Northern desert. Kaba—Celebrated in Sauriishtra in ancient times: a few yet in Sirani. Ummata—The princes of Ummatwara in Malwa there established for twelve generations. Ummatwara is the largest tract left to the Praraaras. Since the war in 1817, being under the British interference, they cannot be called independent. Rehar : Grasia petty chiefs in Malwa. Soratiah Harair Besides others unknown shakhas of Parmara exists, such as Chaonda, Khejar, Sagra, Barkota, Puni, Sampal, Bhlba, Kalpusar, Kalmoh, Kohila, Papa, Kahoriya, Dhand, Deba, Barhar, Jlpra, Posra, Dhunta, Rikamva, and Taika. Most of these are proselytes to Islamism, and several are beyond the Indus Agni Vansh Raajaa Bhoj and Other Kings 9-Bhavishya Puraan, 3-Pratisarg (2), p 322-323

Maharaja Bhoj “Ten kings were there in Agni Vansh, and they ruled for 500 years. After that Dhrm used to deteriorate. The last king of Shaalivaahan Vansh was Raajaa Bhoj. He proceeded for winning other lands seeing his own country’s border narrowing. He had 10,000 people army and he had several learned people like Kaalidaas. He crossed Sindhu River, then defeated Gaandhaar, Mlechchh and Kaashmeer’s Shath kings and punished them taking their all treasury. In the same reference a Mlechchh man named Mahaamad came into his presence. Bhoj did Darshan of Mahaadev Jee in desert. He bathed him with Gangaa water and prayed him. Hearing his prayer Shiv Jee said to the king – “Hey Bhojraaj, You should go to Mahaakaaleshwar Teerth. This is Baahleek named land, but now has become unholy. There is no Aarya Dharm here. Daitya Raaj Bali has sent Maayaavee Tripuraasur here, he is increasing the strength of Daitya after getting Var from me. He is A-Yonij and his name is Mahaamad. You should not come in this An-Aarya Desh, you are still pure and clean by my grace.” Hearing Shiv Jee Bhoj went back to his own country. Bhoj propagated Sanskrit language for Dwij, and Praakrit language for Shoodra. He ruled for 50 years and in the end attained Swarg Lok. Whatever land is between Vindhya Giri and Himaalaya, it is called Aaryaavart. Desh Raaj and Vats Raaj etc Kings Soot Jee further said – “After Bhoj had died, seven kings ruled in his Vansh, but they all were short-lived and less intelligent and died within 300 years. During their ruling period many small kings were there. Veer Sinh was the 7th king in his Vansh. Three kings ruled in Veer Sinh’s Vansh, they died within 200 years. The last king, the 10th king, was Gangaa Sinh, he ruled in Kalp Kshetra. Raajaa Jayachand ruled in Kaanyakubj in Antarvedee. Anangpaal of Tomar Vansh was ruling in Indraprasth. Agni Vansh expanded a lot and many mighty kings were born in that Vansh. In east Kapil Sthaan (Gangaasaagar), in west Baahleek, in north China and in south Setubandh, in the middle of these borders there were 6,000,000 (60 Lakh) kings were ruling. All people in their kingdoms used to do Agnihotra, wished good of Braahman and cows and good at Dharm acts like Dwaapar Yug. In fact it looked like Dwaapar Yug everywhere. Everybody had lots of wealth and Dharm. Even Mlechchh observed Aarya Dharm. Seeing this type of Dhram conduct of people Kali went in refuge of Hari on Neelaachal Parvat with Mlechchhaa. There he did Tapasyaa for 12 years and had Darshan of Shree Krishn and Raadhaa. He prayed them – “Please protect me. I am in your refuge. In Sat Yug you were of fair complexion, in Tretaa Yug you were of red complexion, in Dwaapar Yug you were of yellow complexion, and in my Yug you are of dark complexion. In spite of being Mlechchh, my sons have accepted Aarya Dharm. In my ruling period gambling, liquor, gold, women should be in every house, but the people born in Agni Vansh have destroyed everything. I am now in your refuge.” Hearing this Krishn said smilingly – “I will incarnate in Mahaavatee as my part Avataar and he will kill those Agni Vanshee kings and establish Mlechchh kings.” After saying thus Bhagavaan got disappeared. Kali got very happy. In the future events occurred in such a way that parts of kaurav were defeated and parts of Paandav won. In the end Prithvee Raaj Chauhaan was killed and Sahoddeen (Muhammad Gauree) handed over his kingdom to his slave Kutuddeen (Kutubuddeen) and went away with lots of wealth after looting it from here.

Chauhan Agni Vansha

Chauhan – Agni Vansha – 26 branches – Hara, Songara, Deora, Khichi, Shambhri, Sanchora, Pavia, Goyalwal, Bhadauria, Malani, Nirwan, Puravia,Madrecha, Cheeba, Mohil, Chahil, B Jadon,br /span style=”color: #993300″/span span style=” color: #993300″/spanalecha, Chachera, Boda, Nadola, Nikumbh,Lonia,Loniwal,Kharwal etc. Now Mohil Rajput in Punjab Distt. Ferozpur village Islam Wala Chalukya Agni Vansha Solanki or Chaluya – Agni Vansha – 16 Branches – Baghel, Chalukya, Vaghela Pratihar Agni Vansha Parihars – 12 Branches Early dynasties Rajputras were ruling families of various states from ancient times. Most of them belonged to either Surya or Chandra lineages. e.g. Kosala, Kuru, Panchal, Magadh, Kalinga, Anga, Bang, Madra etc. are mentioned in Mahabharata. These families continued to ruled till they were annexed by others. In modern times, of which written history is available in terms of stone inscriptions etc., the first Rajput kingdoms are attested to in the 6th century and these Rajputs rose to prominence in the 5th and 6th centuries after the collapse of Gupta empire, Rajput empire spread in Many countries Afghanisthan,Pakisthan,Nepal,Bangladesh,India,south east Asia and some parts of Tibet. The clans that descended from the solar and lunar lineage i.e. ‘Suryavanshis’ and ‘Chandervanshis’ rose to prominence first, followed by the four Agnivanshi clans, the (Gurjar Pratiharas) (Parihars), Chauhans (Chamahanas), Solankis (Chaulukyas),and the Paramaras.

Harsha Empire

The first Rajput empire in medivel history is Harsha empire He ips Bais Rajput.[8] Who rule whole north India for 47 years after his death his empire broken into numerous Rajput Kingdoms

Gurjara-Pratihar (Parihar) Rajput

The parihar rajputs established kingdom in Mandore and at their Great extent they rule west and central India [2], Marwar in southwestern Rajasthan, with the Chauhans at Ajmer in central Rajasthan, the Solankis in Gujarat, the Paramaras in Malwa, the Rever’s in Tarangagadh.

Lonia-Chauhan rajput The lonia rajput or chauhan rajput are residenting in Eastern Uttarprspan style=”color: #993300″ Sengar adesh they came to this place from Rajasthan in 16th century.They r ancesstor of chauhan ruler of Ranthambore & there army. They where very brave soldier fought more than 150years against Aurangzeb army. They r having all vansh of rajput but chauhan , rathod, parmar, parihiar,gahlot & tomar vansh numbers r more compare to others. They r found in areas such as Varanasi,Ghazipur,Jaunpur, Pratapgarh,Azamgarh ,Amathi,Sultanpur,Allahabad & Ballia.Generally people call them chauhanji OR Singhsahab.Nonia/Noniya of Bihar are also from Kshatriya clan belonging to chauhan/rajput dynasty.

Mair Rajput Mair Rajput had ruled over in Cambodia and other countries of south east Asia as Suryavarman II (Khmer) (posthumous name Paramavishnuloka) was king of the Khmer Empire from 1113 A.D. to 1145-1150 A.D. and the builder of Angkor Wat, which he dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. His reign’s monumental architecture, numerous military campaigns and restoration of strong government have led historians to rank Suryavarman as one of the empire’s greatest kings. The Varman dynasty Bhauma dynasty ruled Kamarupa (Assam) from 350 to 650)part of India. Shandilya, Gargas,Bhauma, Augastyas,Gautem etc. are big gotras of Mair Rajputs[9]

Pala Dynasty-Gaur Rajputs Gaur Rajputs are a Rajput clan of India of the Suryavanshi lineage, which is one of the three lineages into which the Kshatriya caste of Hindus is divided. They claim descent from Surya – god of the sun. All Suryavanshis also claim descent from the Hindu God Rama, who was himself born into a Suryavanshi dynasty. The Pala Dynasty of Gaur Rajputs rule Bengal and Bangladesh and its great extent they gule east, north India,central India and Pakistan. Its capital was lakshmanabati named after the great pala king Lakshman pal under whose patronage the first literary work in bengali ‘Geet govindam’was composed by the great bengali poet JAYDEV. Some old texts of the British raj refer to the PALA rajputs as Gour or Gaur rajputs. Government gazettes of the British era have references to Gaur Zamindars in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh & Rajasthan.Some of the other grest pala rulers were RAM PAL,DEV PAL, VIJAy PAL,etc. Janjua Rajput The Janjua Rajput also spelt Janjooa, Janjuha, Janjuah) is a Rajput royal warrior clan of South Asia. They have been referred to as the most Valiant Warriors of Punjab.[10] Their warlike nature and dominant rule of their kingdoms against other tribes earned them a powerful reputation in Western Punjab, Afghanisthan, Pakistan and the Valley of Kashmir.[11]

Rana Rajput Dynasty of Nepal Rana Dynasty of Nepal rule over Nepal and some parts of Tibet.Dynasty founded by Rana Jung Bhadur. Nepal under Rajput and Japan are only countries of Asia never captured by capitalist countries

Thakuri Dynasty RULE OF THAKURI KINGS Thakuri Dynasty was a Rajput Dynasty After Aramudi, many Thakuri kings ruled over the country up to the middle of the 12th century A.D Raghv Dev is said to have founded a ruling dynasty in October, 869 A.D., when the Lichchhavi rule came to an end. To commemorate this important event, Raghv Dev started the ‘Nepal Era’ which began form 20 October, 869 A.D. After Amshuverma, the Thakuris had lost power and they could regain it only in 869 A.D. The importance of this for the Thakuris must have been even greater because during Amshuverma’s time they were only regents, but they became all powerful as the sovereign in 896 A.D. So, this historical event- replacing the Lichchhavis by the Thakuri rulers signified the start of a new era as ‘Nepal Era’.

Gahadvala Rajput

The Gahadvala or Gaherwar are a Hindu Rajput dynasty who ruled the kingdom of Kannauj for around a hundred years beginning the late 11th century.[12] The founder of the Gahadvala dynasty was Chandradeva, who took control of Kannauj at the end of the 11th century, filling the political vacuum that had been created after that city was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1018. Chandradeva soon expanded the kingdom to include Delhi, Ayodhya, and Varanasi (Benares). During the rule of his successor Govindachandra (1114–1154), the Gahadvala state reached the pinnacle of its power, occupying much of present-day Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Govindachandra moved his capital from Kannauj to Varanasi. His queen Kumaradevi was a devout Buddhist, and Govindachandra was a patron of both Hindu temples and Buddhist monasteries. Gharwal region get its name from Gahadvala Rajput. prisent time in u.p stat sultampur distic in kadipur post village gaurabibipur live in .yadunath @ rahunath singh was a freadomfighter.his grand father name “shikandarshah”.

Kacchawa Rajput

The Kuchwaha (also spelled as Kachavāhā,Kachawaha,Kacchavahas, Kachhawa, Kuchhwaha,Kachhawaha, & Keshwala including Kacchapghata, Kakutstha, and Kurma) are a Suryavanshi KshatriyaRajput clan who ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states in India such as Alwar, Maihar, Talcher, while the largest kingdom was Jaipur (Jainagara) which was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727. The Maharaja of Jaipur is regarded as the head of the extended Kachwaha clan. Guhilots Rajput of Nagda – Mewar (south Rajasthan) The Guhilas (later called the Sisodias) established the state of Mewar(Maiwar) (later Udaipur), under Bappa Rawal, who ruled at Chittorgarh, which was given in dowry to Bappa in 734 for his bravery.Maharana Pratap, Rana Sanga are sisodia heroes The great Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the Maratha ruler, was from Sisodia family of Rajputs. Rai Dynasty of Sind The Rajput Rai Dynasty ruled Sind during the 6th and 7th centuries. Sind was conquered by an Arab Muslim army of the Califate, led by Muhammad bin Qasim, in the 8th century.

Chandels of Jijukbhkti – Mahoba

The Chandela clan a branch of the Chandravanshi Rajput ruled Bundelkhand after the tenth century, occupying the fortress-city of Kalinjar and building the famous temple-city of Khajuraho.

The Tomars/ Tanwars Rajput

The Tomars/ Tanwars established a state in present day Delhi, Haryana, and Eastern Punjab, rebuilding and founding in 736 A.D later on Tomar Rajput establish their rule in Central India Under Man Singh tomar. the city of Dhiliki, ancient Inderprastha and modern day Delhi. Tomars/ Tanwars, being of Chandravanshi (Bharatvanshi) lineage, descended from Mahabharat’s great hero, Arjun, through his son, Abhimanyu, and grandson, Prikshit. King Anangpal-I Tomar rebuilt Dhilika. Tomar/ Tanwar rule lasted at least until 1182 A.D when the then Tomar King Anangpal-II appointed Prithviraj, his daughter’s son, as ‘Caretaker’. King Anangpal-II Tomar,in the words of Lt. Col. Tod – quoting Chand Bardai- ‘was justly entitled to be termed as the sovereign of Hindustan’. According to ‘Jagas’ of Tomars/ Tanwars, King Anangpal-II handed over the kingdom to Prithviraj when he went on a religious pilgrimage. However, Prithviraj refused to hand over the kingdom when King Anangpal-II returned from pilgrimage. Younger Branches of Tomar Kingdom were established after Gazni’s invasion between 998AD and 1050 AD at Dhameri now called Nurpur and Patan in Rajasthan. Raja Jaypal Tomar was ruler of Dilli at the time of Gazni Invasion.Later Tomar Rajputs Establish their Rule in Madhya Pardesh

Bargujar Rajput

Bargujars were the allies of Pratiharas [13] . Later, one of their famous kings was Raja Pratap Singh Bargujar, who was Prithviraj Chauhan’s nephew and assisted in his fight against the Muslim invaders, who were led by Muhammad of Ghor in 1191. They also fought on the side of Rana Pratap of Mewar and Maharana Hammir as their generals. The Badgujars chose to die rather than to submit to the supremacy of the Muslim kings. Many Bargujars were put to death for not giving their daughters to Muslim rulers. Some Bargujars changed their clan name to Sikarwar to escape genocide carried out against them. A colony found refuge in present day Anupshahar, which was founded by Raja Anup Singh Bargujar, the eldest son of Raja Pratap Singh Bargujar. One of them, Raja Nune Shah Bargujar of the Samthar state,[6] fought with the British and pushed back their forces many times but later signed a peace treaty with the British in 1817.

Chalukya/Solanki Rajput

Solanki Rajput Rule over Gujarat[14].Mulraj I Establish the empire 10 century. they built the famous somnath temple.dynasty came to end in 13 century Hada Rajput Hada/Hadu is the name of a clan of Rajputs. They are in fact a branch of the Chauhan clan of Agnivanshi rajputs. They ruled the states of Bundi and Kotah called Hadoti in the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan for several centuries until 1947.

Paramara Rajput

Paramara (also known as Parmara and Parmarand Panwar) is the Rajput Clan ruling over prominent dynasty of medieval India, which ruled the Dhar and Ujjaini kingdoms from the 9th century to the 14th century.[15] They rule Malwa Region of Central India for centuries Vaghela or Baghel Rajput

The Vaghela dynasty is very powerful dynasty of Gujarat region[16]. THE VAGHELAS ARE THE GREAT RULER OF GUJARAT WHO EXPAND THERE DYNASTY TO WHOLE GUJARAT, NORTH RAJASTHAN, WEST MADHYAPRADESH AND NORTH MAHARASHTRA. The Vaghelas were Rajput Branch of the Solanki rulers of Anhilwad. Lawan Prasad, a general in the army of Bhimdev-II Solanki. He also gained control over an area known as Dhavalgadh, around present day Dholka. During the latter years of Bhimdev-II’s reign, due to internal differences, Lawan Prasad rebelled against the king and took complete control over the areas of Dhawalgadh and Dhandhuka, and also some areas in the south of Gujarat. This rebellion laid the foundation for the greater resistance and resultant overthrowing of the Solanki rulers from Anhilwar, by the Vaghela. The final attack on Anhilwar during the reign of Tribhuwanpal Solanki, was made by Vishaldev Vaghela, the grandson of Lawan Prasad. Although, Vishaldev’s father, Vir Dhaval Vaghela had already started to annex territories belonging to the Solanki, and had greatly increased his dominions as well his military powers. Many historians consider Vir Dhaval to be the first actual Vaghela ruler of Gujarat, due to the major increase of his power and control of the various areas of Gujarat. Baghelkhand is on the name of Baghel Rajputs

Lodhi Rajputs

Lodhi Thakur, another Rajput/Thakur community is widely found through out the India, Pakistan and Nepal. The word Lodham first originates in Rigveda (The oldest literature of Sanatan/ Hindu dharma), Mandal-3,Sukta-53, sloka-23 [2] [3], then the word again shows its presence in Manusmriti, Chapter VII- 54 [3] [4] and in Parashuram sahitya. In all the slokas depicted, the word Lodham is used for Shoorveer / warrior/ brave. Lodhi Rajput/Thakur community in India had 23 Rajgharanas – Ludrava, Jaisalmair Rajasthan, Amarpatan (National Highway No.7, 50 km away from Maihar) MP, Ramgarh, Mandla MP, Gahora, Chitrakut [4] [5] MP, Kerbana (Bateagarh, Damoh)MP, Hindoriya (Hata, Damoh)MP, Madanpur Mahroni, (Lalitpur and uttarpradesh mainly west very brave lodhi rajputs) Mankhedi Seoni MP are just few of them. Rani Avanti Bai Lodhi of Ramgargh was one of them. Rani Avantibai (died March 20, 1858) was the wife of Vikramaditya Singh, the ruler of the Indian state of Ramgarh. When he died, leaving his wife with no heir, the British placed Ramgarh under their administration. Avantibai vowed to fight the British to regain her land and her throne. She raised an army of Twenty four thousand and personally led it against the British in 1857. When, after a few months’ struggle, she saw that her defeat was imminent, she killed herself with her own sword.

Bundela Rajput Rathore Rajput

The Rathore (or Rathor or Rathur or Rathod) is a Rajput tribe of India. The Rathores of India and Pakistan are a Rajput clan from the Marwar region of western Rajasthan, inhabiting Idar state of Gujarat and also the Chhapra ,Sheohar(a village called tariyani Chapra (LAND OF AMAR SINGH RATHORE) is also having large number of rathore rajputs,migrated from jaipur,they were the king of jaipur fort) Muzaffarpur districts of Bihar in very small numbers. In India, their native languages are Hindi and its dialects (such as Rajasthani, Marwari and other languages of Rajasthan, Gujarati and Kutchi in Gujarat, as well as Punjabi in the Punjab a dialect of Punjabi called Rathi spoken in Ratia and Tohana in present day Haryana). Dynasties belonging to this clan ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states in Rajasthan and neighbouring states before India’s independence in 1947. The largest and oldest among these was Jodhpur, in Marwar and Bikaner. Also the Idar State in Gujrat. The Maharaja of Jodhpur, is regarded as the head of the extended Rathore clan of Hindu Rajputs. Even in the modern times the clout of this clan in the democratic world is such that a large number of MLAs and MPs have been elected from among them.

VANSH – SURYAVANSH

GOTRA – Gautam

VED – Samved / Yajurved.

KUL DEVI – Nagnechimaa, Pankhani (Vindhyavasini).

ISHT – Ramchandraji.

VIRAD – br / After Aramudi, many Thakuri kings ruled over the country up to the middle of the 12th century A.D Raghv Dev is said to have founded a ruling dynasty in October, 869 A.D., when the Lichchhavi rule came to an end. To commemorate this important event, Raghv Dev started the ‘Nepal Era’ which began form 20 October, 869 A.D. After Amshuverma, the Thakuris had lost power and they could regain it only in 869 A.D. The importance of this for the Thakuris must have been even greater because during Amshuverma’s time they were only regents, but they became all powerful as the sovereign in 896 A.D. So, this historical event- replacing the Lichchhavis by the Thakuri rulers signified the start of a new era as ‘Nepal Era’a href=”http://kshatriyaektamanch.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/god-rama-wallpaper.jpg”. Hada/Hadu is the name of a clan of Rajputs. They are in fact a branch of the Chauhan clan of Agnivanshi rajputs. They ruled the states of Bundi and Kotah called Hadoti in the present-da Most are Eka, having no sub-branches./strongy Indian state of Rajasthan for several centuries until 1947.Ranbanka Rathore TALWAR – Ranthali KATAAR – Ranveer / Harbhuji KSHETRA – Ayodhya SHAKHAE – 14 SHAKHA – 13.5 main Danesura NAGARA – Ranjeet / Verisaal NIKAS – Ayodhya NISHAN – Panchrang RAAJ CHINHA – Baaj (Cheeel) POTHI – Badwa, Ranimanga, Kulguru GURU – Shukracharya / Vashitha UPADHI – Kamdhaj VRIKSHA – Neem MALA – Ratna DHOL – Bhanwar GADI – Lahore GAU – Kapila ASHWA / GHODA – Dalsingar / Sawkaran RAO SIHAJI (Sheoji) Rao Seoji was a Rajput belonging to the Rathore clan. His father was Rao Setram (King of Kannauj). History of Rao Siha (Sheoji) King of Kannoj, Jaichandra died in battle with Shuhabuddin Gori, and Kannoj and surrounding area was under command of king Jaichandra’s son Harishchandra. But because of continue wars with Mugals, Harishchandra’s son Rao Setram and Rao Siha moved to “Khor” (Shamsabad) and then from Khor to Mahue. This village is located in Farukhabad district. Remains of Rao Siha’s residence are still there and known as “Siha Rao ka Khera”. On his way to Dwarka, when he was in Pushkar with his army, Brahmins (A holy Hindu caste) of Bhinmal requested Rao Siha for saving them from Mugal. That time Mugals used to attack fr The Vaghela dynasty is very powerful dynasty of Gujarat region[16]. THE VAGHELAS ARE THE GREAT RULER OF GUJARAT WHO EXPAND THERE DYNASTY TO WHOLE GUJARAT, NORTH RAJASTHAN, WEST MADHYAPRADESH AND NORTH MAHARASHTRA. The Vaghelas were Rajput Branch of the Solanki rulers of Anhilwad. Lawan Prasad, a general in the army of Bhimdev-II Solanki. He also gained control over an area known as Dhavalgadh, around present day Dholka. During the latter years of Bhimdev-II’s reign, due to internal differences, Lawan Prasad rebelled against the king and took complete control over the areas of Dhawalgadh and Dhandhuka, and also some areas in the south of Gujarat. This rebellion laid the foundation for the greater resistance and resultant overthrowing of the Solanki rulers from Anhilwar, by the Vaghela. The final attack on Anhilwar during the reign of Tribhuwanpal Solanki, was made by Vishaldev Vaghela, the grandson of Lawan Prasad. Although, Vishaldev’s father, Vir Dhaval Vaghela had already started to annex territories belonging to the Solanki, and had greatly increased his dominions as well his military powers. Many historians consider Vir Dhaval to be the first actual Vaghela ruler of Gujarat, due to the major increase of his power and control of the various areas of Gujarat. Baghelkhand is on the name of Baghel Rajputsom Multan side to rob them. On their request Rao Siha killed Mugal army head and donated Binmal area to Brahmins. After this Rao Siha stayed for some time in Patan (a Solanki Rajput state in Gujrat). Rao Siha reached Pali from Patan. Pali was business hub that time and Paliwal Brahmins were living there. They were also under fear of robbers. On their request Rao Siha took command of Pali to save them from robber castes. Very soon Pali and surrounding area was under command of Rao Siha. Finally Rao Siha established his residence in Pali. That was beginning of history of Marwar. Rao Siha known as founder of Marwar state. According to inscription found at Bithu village near Pali, Rao Siha died in year 1273. Sheoji’s death is confirmed by a stone inscription in the village of Vithu near the town of Pali in Rajasthan, according to which he died on Monday, 9 October 1273.

RATHORE/RAO

ANCESTOR (RULERS OF KANNAUJ) JAICHANDRA (King of Kannoj) HARISHCHANDRA RAO SETRAM RAO SIHA DESCENDENTS OF MARWAR RAO SIHA (Sheoji) ( FOUNDER OF MARWAR ) 1212-1273 A.D. Rao Asthan 1272-1292 A.D. Rao Doohad 1292-1309 A.D. RAO RAIPAL 1309-1313 A.D. RAO KANHA 1313-1323 A.D. RAO JALANSI(Second Son) 1323-1328 A.D. RAO CHADA 1328-1344 A.D. RAO TIDA 1344-1357 A.D. RAO SALKHA (Second Son) 1357-1374 A.D. RAO VIRAMDEV(Third Son) RAO MALLINATH (first Son) 1374-1383 A.D. (1373-1399 A.D.) RAO CHUNDA 1399-1423 A.D. RAO RANMAL 1427-1438 A.D. (1424-1427 A.D.) Rao Jodha 1453-1489 A.D. RAO SAATUL 1489-1492 A.D. (1492-1515 A.D.) RAO SURJA RAO GANGA SINGH 1515-1532 A.D. Rao Maldeo Rathore 1532-1562 A.D. PRINCELY STATES OF RATHORE Chandoria, Purot,RAJPUT: MARWAR (1226-1949) [ Jodhpur, Barmer, Nagaur, Jalore, Pali ] BIKANER (1488-1949) [ Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, Hanumargarh ] KISHANGARH (1611-1949) IDAR (1728-1949) RATLAM (1651-1949) SITAMAU (1701-1949) SAILANA (1730-1949) ALIRAJPUR (1701-1949) EARLY HISTORY Based on “khyats” (traditional accounts) written in seventeenth century, it is surmised that the Rathores and Rathods were originally feudatories of the Ujjaini-based Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty, and may perhaps have been domiciled in the vicinity of Kannauj in the heyday of that dynasty. Pratihara-ruled Kannauj was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1019 CE, which ushered in a chaotic period for that area. A family known to us as the “Gahadvala” dynasty gained control of Kannauj and ruled for nearly a century; their best-known dynast was Raja Jaichand, their last king. The Gahadvalas were displaced from Kannauj by the invasion, in 1194 CE, of Muhammad of Ghor. It is said that Sheoji, a surviving grandson of Jaichand, made his way into the western desert with a group of faithful followers, finally settling in the town of Pali in Marwar, which was ruled by another branch of the Pratiharas. Sheoji is regarded as the patriarch of the entire Rathore clan and all Rathores and Rathods trace their patrilineage back to him. The tradition finds supports from a number of inscriptions found in the vicinity of Kannauj that mention several generations of a Rashtrakuta dynasty ruling there for two centuries. A very similar account is also mentioned in the “Rashtrayudha Kavya” of Rudrakavi, finished in 1595, who was the court poet in the court of the Rathore king, Narayana of Mayurgiri.

HISTORY OF MARWAD

Present Jodhpur and Adjoining Districts was known as the ancient kingdom of Marwad (Marwar) the Land of Death, the largest kingdom in Rajputana and the third largest of the Indian Kingdoms, after Kashmir and Hyderabad. Jodhpur, former capital of Marwad state, retains much of its medieval character. Beginning in 1549, when the city was called Jodhagarh, the Rathor clan of Rajputs fought and ruled from the virtually impregnable fort until their territory covered some 35,000 sq. miles making it the largest Rajput state. According to Rathor tradition, the clan traces its origins back to the Hindu god, Rama, hero of the epic Ramayana, and thence to the sun. So the Rathors belong to the Suryavansha (solar race) branch of the Kshatriyas, the warrior caste of Hindus. Later, breaking into historical reality, in 470 A.D. Nayal Pal conquered the kingdom of Kanauj, near modern Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh. The Rathor capital for seven centuries, Kanauj fell in 1193 to the Afghan invader’s led by Muhammad Ghori. The fleeing ruler, Jai Chand, drowned in the Ganga. But his son or grandson, Siyaji, had better luck. An expedient marriage alliance between the Rathore Sihaji and the sister of a local prince enabled the Rathores to consolidate themselves in this region. In fact, they prospered to such a degree that they managed to oust the Pratiharas of Mandore, nine km to the north of present day Jodhpur.He later set himself up as an independent ruler around the wealthy trading center of Pali, just south of Jodhpur. His descendants flourished, battled often, won often, and in 1381 Rao Chanda ousted the Parihars from Mandore which then became the Rathore seat of government.Rathore fortunes then turned. Rao Chanda’s son and heir, Rainmal, won praise for his capture of Ajmer and was then entrusted with the care of his orphaned nephew, destined to inherit the Mewar throne of Chittor. Rainmal may well have had his eyes on this fine, hilltop fort. Though its structure was different to modern luxury buildings, from blackpool hotels in England to the Dubai Hilton, it was a work of glorious and luxurious architecture. Rainmal knew of the location, and wanted it very much for himself. But court intrigue and treachery stopped him. In 1438 he was doped with opium, and finally shot dead. This triggered bitter feuds, ending with Mewar and Marwar becoming separate states.Rathor legend continues in various versions. One is that Jodha, one of Rainmal’s 24 sons, fled Chittor and finally, 15 years later, recaptured Mandore in 1453. Five years later he was acknowledged as ruler. A holy man sensibly advised him to move his capital to hilltop safety. By 1459, it became evident that a more secure headquarters was required. The high rocky ridge nine km to the south of Mandore was an obvious choice for the new city of Jodhpur, with the natural enhanced by a fortress of staggering proportions, and to which Rao Jodha’s successors added over the centuries. MARWAR (MEWAD AND THE MUGHULS): Rao Ganga Singh of Jodhpur (reigned 1516-32) fought alongside the army of the great warrior king of Mewar, Rana Sanga, against the first Mughal emperor, Babur. But over the next half century or so, the rulers of Jodhpur allied themselves with Babur’s grandson, Akbar. Several rulers of Jodhpur became trusted lieutenants of the Mughals, such as Raja Surender, who conquered Gujarat and much of the Deccan for Akbar, and Raja Gaj Singh, who put down the rebellion of the Mughal prince, Khurram, against his father, Jahangir. With the support of the Mughals, the court of Jodhpur flourished and the kingdom became a great center of the arts and culture. In the 17th century Jodhpur became a flourishing center of trade for the camel caravans moving from Central Asia to the parts of Gujarat and vice versa. In 1657, however, Maharaja Jaswant Singh (reigned 1638-78) backed th/span/spane wrong prince in the grstrongeat war of succession to the Mughal throne. He was in power for almost twenty-five years with Aurangzeb before he was sent out to the frontier as viceroy in Afghanistan. Aurangzeb then tried to seize his infant son, but loyal retainers smuggled the little prince out of his clutches, hidden, they say, in a basket of sweets.

POLITICAL STRIFE:

The kingdom of Jodhpur then formed a triple alliance with Udaipur and Jaipur, which together threw off the Mughal yoke. As a result,the Maharajas of Jodhpur finally regained the privilege of marrying Udaipur princesses something they had forfeited when they had allied themselves with the Mughals. A condition of these marriages, however, was that the sons born of the Udaipur princesses would be first in line to the Jodhpur throne. This soon led to considerable.jealousy. Nearly a century of turmoil followed, culminating in Jodhpur falling under the influence of, first, the Marathas, and then, in 1818, the British. The state of affairs was such that a young Rathor prince, when asked ,where Jodhpur was, simply pointed to the sheath of his ‘dagger and said, “Inside here”. SIR PRATAP SINGH: In the 1870′s, a remarkable man came to the fore in Jodhpur: Sir Pratap Singh (left) .A son of Maharaja of Jodhpur, he himself ruled a neighboring kingdom called Idar, abdicated to become Regent of Jodhpur, which he ruled, in effect, for nearly fifty years. Sir Pratap Singh was a great warrior and the epitome of Rajput chivalry. He became an intimate friend of three British sovereigns. At Queen Victoria’s durbar he is said to have presented her not with mere jewels, like everyone else, but with his own sword, his most valuable possession as aRajput warrior. Sir Pratap Singh laid the foundation of a modern state in Jodhpur, which Maharaja Umaid Singh (reigned 1918-47) built upon. The of Jodhpur was not merely the largest of the Rajput states, but also one of the most progressive. In 1949, after the independence of India, it was merged into the newly created /span VRIKSHA – Neem RAO /spanSETRAMstate of Rajasthan. MARWAR AND BEYOND The Rathores gradually spread across Marwar, forming a brotherhood of landowners and village chspan style=”color: #993300″/span/spanieftains, loosely/span bound to each other by ties of clan and caste. An epoch in the histor/span/span [ Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, Hanumargarh ]y both of Marwar and of the Rathores was marked by Rao Jodha, a warrior who founded a kingdom that grew to encompass all of Marwar. He also founded the city of Jodhpur in 1459, and moved his capital thither from Mandore. One of his sons, Rao Bika, with the help of his brave uncle Rawat Kandhal, established the town of Bikaner in 1488, in the Jangladesh region lying to the north of Marwar; that town was to become the seat of a second major Rathore kingdom. Some of these migrations from Marwar into Gujarat caused changes in language and the spelling of Rathore to Rathod, which is seen in clans present in Gujarat. Rathods of Gujarat trace their history to the city Jodhpur. The various cadet branches of the Rathore clan gradually spread to encompass all of Marwar and later sallied abroad to found states in Central India and Gujarat. At the time of India’s independence in 1947, the princely states ruled by various branches of the Rathore clan included. MAA NAGNECHIYA Nagnechiya Mata is kuldevi of all Rathore Rajputs. Main temple of Mata Nagnechiya is l span style=”color: #993300″ocated in village Nagana near Jodhpur in Pachpadra tehsil, Barmer District. History of Nagana Temple : Rao Dhuhad (son of Rao Asthan) once attacked on “Godyana” near Kannoj to get his old state back from Mugals but he could not success in that. On his return he brought his kuldevi “Chakreshwari’s” statue from Karnat and established under a tree of Neem (Scientific Name – Azadirachta indica) in Nagana village. Because of this all Rathores worship Neem as well. A holy tree for Rathores. Because of the name of village(Nagana), kuldevi Chakreshwari is well known by the name Nagnechiya Maa. Generally in all villages where Rathores live they have a common Than (Temple) of Nagnechiya Mata.

PRINCELY STATES:

JODHPUR (MARWAR): Covering the present-day districts of JODHPUR, PALI, NAGUAR, BARMER, and JALOR. UMAID BHAWAN PALACE, JODHPUR BIKANER (JANGLADESH): Covering the present-day districts of Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar and Hanumangarh. GAJNER PALACE, BIKANER KISHANGARH in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1611 by Raja Kishan Singh, son of Udai Singh of Marwar. PHOOL MAHAL PALACE, KISHANGARH IDAR in present-day Gujarat, founded in 1728 or 1729. RATLAM in present-day Ratlam District of Madhya Pradesh, founded 1651. KISHANGARH in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1611 by Maharaja Kishan Singh, son of Maharaja Udai Singh of Marwar. SITAMAU in present-day Mandsaur District of Madhya Pradesh, founded 1701 by Raja Kesho Das. SAILANA in present-day Ratlam District of Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1730 by Raja Jai Singh. Rathore rajputs are also found in Bihar, District called Sheohar there is a village called tariyani chapra,,there are lots of rathore rajputs…migrated from rajasthan(Jaipur). Rathod rajputs are also found in Gujarat called vaja rathod and vadher rathod. Vaja and Vadher rajputs are eashtablish in GUJARAT from 1200 A.D.. RATHORE RULERS OF MARWAR (JODHPUR, BARMER, PALI, NAGAUR, JALOR) JODHPUR ARMS Rao Sheoji or Siyaji (1226-1273) [Founder of Marwar] Rao Asthan (1273-1292) Rao Doohad (1291-1309) Rao Raipal (1309-1313) Rao Kanhapal (1313-1323) Rao Jalansi (1323-1228) Rao Chada (1328-1344) Rao Tida (1334-1357) Rao Kanhadev (1357-1374) Rao Biram Dev (1374-1383) Rao Chanda or Chunda Rao (1383-1424) Rao Kanha (1424-1427) Rai Sanha (in rebellion) (1424-1427) Rao Ranmal or Ranmalla (1427-1438) [Ruler of Mandore] Rao Jodha (1438-1488). [Founder of Jodhpur] Rao Satal (1488-1491) Rao Suja (1491-1515) Rao Ganga (1515-1532) Rao Maldev or Malladeva (1532-1562) Rao Chandrasen (1562-1584) Raja Udai Singh or Udaya Singh (1584-1595) Sawai Raja Suraj Singh (1595-1620) Maharaja Gaja Singh (1620-1638) Maharaja Jaswant Singh I (1638-1679) Maharaja Ajit Singh (19 February 1679 – 24 June 1724). Born 1679, died 1724. Maharaja Abhai Singh (24 June 1724 – 18 June 1749). Born 1702, died 1749. Maharaja Ram Singh (1st time) (18 June 1749 – July 1751). Born 1730, died 1772. Maharaja Bakht Singh (July 1751 – 21 September 1752). Born 1706, died1752. Maharaja Bijay Singh (1st time) (21 September 1752 – 1753). Born 1724, died 1793. Maharaja Ram Singh (2nd time) (1753 -September 1772) Maharaja Bijay Singh (2nd time) (1772 – 17 July 1793) Maharaja Bhim Singh (in rebellion) (13 April 1792 – 20 March 1793). Died 1803. Maharaja Bhim Singh (17 July 1793 – 19 October 1803) Maharaja Man Singh Rathore (19 October 1803 – 4 September 1843). Born 1783, died 1843. Chhatra Singh (regent) (19 April 1817 – 6 January 1818). Born c.1800, died 1818. Maharaja Takht Singh (14 October 1843 – 13 February 1873). Born 1819, died 1873. Maharaja Jaswant Singh II (13 February 1873 – 11 October 1895. Born 1838, died 1895. Maharaja Sardar Singh (11 October 1895 – 21 March 1911). Born 1880, died 1911. Maharaja Sumer Singh (21 March 1911 – 3 October 1918). Born 1898, died 1918. Maharaja Umaid Singh (3 October 1918 – 9 June 1947). Born 1903, died 1947. Maharaja Hanwant Singh (9 June 1947-7 April 1949). Born 1923, acceded to India 7 April 1949, died 1952. Maharaja Gaj Singh II RATHORE RULERS OF BIKANER or JANGLADESH (BIKANER, CHURU, HANUMANGARH, GANGANAGAR) BIKANER ARMS Rao Bika (1465-1504). Born 1438, died 1504. Founded Bikaner 1465. Son of Rao Jodha of Marwar. Rao Naroji Singh (1504-1505). Son of Rao Bika. Rao Lunkaranji (1505-1526). Son of Rao Bika. Rao Jetsiji Singh (1526-1542). Son of Rao Lunkaranji. Rao Kalyan Singh (1542-1571). Born 1519, died 1571. Son of Rao Jetsiji Singh. Raja Raj Singh I (1571-1611). Born 1541, died 1612. Son of Raja Kalyan Singh. Raja Dalpat Singh (1611-1614). Born 1565, died 1614. Son of Raja Raj Singh I. Raja Sur Singh (1614-1631). Born 1595, died 1631. Son of Raja Raj Singh I. Raja Karan Singh (1631-1669. Born 1616, died 1669. Son of Raja Karan Singh. Maharaja Anup Singh (Raja 1669-1687, Maharaja 1687-1698). Born 1638, died 1698. Son of Raja Karan Singh. Maharaja Sarup Singh (1698-1700). Born 1689, died 1700. Maharaja Sujan Singh (1700-1736). Born 1690, died 1736. Maharaja Zorawar Singh (1736-1745). Born 1713, died 1745. Husband of, Maharani. Gurnoor Kaur Maharaja Gaj Singh (1745-1787). Born 1723, died 1787. Maharaja Raj Singh II (1787). Born 1744, died 1787. Maharaja Pratap Singh (1787). Born 1781, died 1787. Maharaja Surat Singh (1788-1828). Born1766, died 1828. Maharaja Ratan Singh (1828-1851). Born 1791, died 1851. Maharaja Sardar Singh (1851-16 May 1872). Born 1818, died 1872. Maharaja Dungar Singh (16 May 1872 – 19 August 1887). Born 1854, died 1887. Maharaja Ganga Singh (19 August 1887-2 February 1943). Born 1880, died 1943. Maharaja Sadul Singh (2 February 1943 – 7 April 1949). Born 1902, acceded to India 7 April 1949, died 25 September 1950) Maharaja Karni Singh. SURNAMES / SUB-CLANS OF RATHORE 1. JODHA – [Rulers of Jodhpur, Rajasthan]. Vanshaj of RAO JODHA 2. BIKA – [Rulers of Bikaner or Jangladesh] o Bika Rangot – living in Ajeetpura (Hanumangarh District), Sidhmudh (Churu District) a And surrounding areas. o Bika Sangot – living in Ajeetpura and the same areas of the Bika Sangot’s. 3. BARMERA – living around barmer [rulers of Barmer (Marwar),Rajasthan]. Vanshaj of RAWAL MALLINATHJI (Marwar) 4. MAHECHA – living around Mehwanagar, Barmer (Vanshaj of RAWAL MALLINATHJI, Marwar) 5. BANIROT – living in Churu District. 6. KANDHAL – living around Ghanau (Churu District). 7. JAITAWAT – living around pali, descendant of rao Jaitaji Rathore 8. BALAWAT – Jagirs located majorly in Barmer, Kota and Jalore districts Mokalsar Mandavala Nimblana Posana Bhanwarajadi 9. JAITMALOT – The royal house hold of Banol & dhansa nagari jalore. 10. KOTRIYA – living around Kotra,Hathi singh ka gaw,Biyar,and Shiv (Barmer)Kotriya son of Rawal Mallinath (oldest son of rao salkha 1357-1374 A.D.) [Rulers of Kotra] 11. POKARNA – living around Pokran (Vanshaj of RAWAL MALLINATHJI) 12. CHAMPAWAT – Living around Pokaran,Peelwa,Jodhpur & Pali 13. UDAWAT – Living around Pali 14. MEDATIYA – (Ruler of Medata)living largely in Nagaur, Pali,Mewar,Jodhpur district Rajasthan 15. SINDHAL – living around jalor & pali.Kaonla 16. KUMPAWAT - 17. BIDAWAT – living around Bidasar Churu 18. JODHA RATANSINGHOT [Rulers of Ratlam] 19. RAWATOT – living around Rawatsar 20. KARAMSOT – living around Khinvsar Nagaur and Bikaner 21. KARNOT – the clan of Durgadas Rathore 22. SOHAR – Descendant of Rao Shobhitji Rathore 23. GAHERWAR or GAHARWAR – living in UP region mainly belonging to three dynasties of Dahia, Manda, and Vijaypur-Kantit. They were called Rathore when they migrated to Rajasthan. 24. ROUTRAY – Living in Gurujanga near Puri migrated from Rajasthan in 1805 25. RAO – rathores in eastern U.P who said to have descends of Rao jodha use RAO as their surname instead of rathores e.g. siddharth rao ,said to be from suryavansh..Some of the descendent’s of Rao jodha settled in eastern U.P.(KHIMSAYPUR is a famous place of rathour’s in farrukhabad district) They use Rao word as sir name instead of Rathour.eg Rao Praduymn Singh Rathore son of Rao Surender Pratap Singh Rathore Rathore Rajputs belong from Suryavans[17] The Rathores gradually spread across Marwar, forming a brotherhood of landowners and village chieftains, loosely bound to each other by ties of clan and caste. An epoch in the history both of Marwar and of the Rathores was marked by Rao Jodha, a warrior who founded a kingdom that grew to encompass all of Marwar. He also founded the city of Jodhpur in 1459, and moved his capital thither from Mandore. One of his sons, Rao Bika, with the help of his uncle Rawat Kandhal, established the town of Bikaner in 1488, in the Jangladesh region lying to the north of Marwar; that town was to become the seat of a second major Rathore kingdom. Some of these migrations from Marwar into Gujarat caused changes in language and the spelling of Rathore to Rathod, which is seen in clans present in Gujarat. Rathods of Gujarat trace their history to the city Jodhpur. Rathore Rajput rule many Kingdoms: Marwar (1226-1949),Bikaner (1488-1949),Kishangarh (1611-1949),Idar (1728–1949),Ratlam (1651–1949),Sitamau (1701–1949),Sailana (1730–1949),Alirajpur(1701–1949),Manda,Poonch(1596–1798)

Dogra Rajput Dogra Rajput Establish their Rule in Jammu and Kasmir. The first ruler is Gulab singh. later on it became a princily state under Britishers Gangavanshi Rajput Gangavanshi Rajputs estalish there Rule in orissa in kalahandi,in 1005 and rule till 1947, the first ruler of dynasty was Raja Ragunath sai 1005/1040 and last ruler was Maharaja udit pratap deo

Sengar Rajput Sengar are Rishivanshi Rajputs they establish their rule over Sarwan and Jagmanpur Sarawan : A large fort was built by Raja Shravan Dev of the Sengar rajput clan nearby the Yamuna river. Other nearby sites are Lanka tower, Chourasi Gumbad, etc. Jagmanpur: Once the headquarters of the Sengar rajputs under Raja Rup Shah, also houses a large masonary fort. The confluence of five rivers nearby, known the “Panch Nada” is an added attraction for the tourist. The two forts can be visited with due permission from the owners.

Banaphar Rajput Banaphar is the name of a clan that claims to belong to the Yaduvanshi lineage of Rajput.rule over Mahoba region of Bundelkhand Famous Rajput heors Alla and Udal belong from this Clan

Sikarwar Rajput

The Sikarwars are a royal warrior clan of Northern India. Sikarwars founded the city of Sikri. Roa of Sikar was one of the invitee during the coronation of Rana Sanga at Chittorgargh, as mentioned in history books. They built the Agra Fort as well. Since then, Sikarwars have been spread all over Northern India from UP to Rajesthan, Madhya Pradesh, Northern Gujarat, Haryana, and Punjab. A detailed description of a queen from sikri was given by bhaduriya Rajputs. “Raja SHALYA DEV 1194/1208 AD, referred to as Sella Deo by British historians, he was one of the most illustrious rulers of his age. Taking advantage of the disorder prevailing in the country during Ghouri Shah’s invasion, Raja Shalya Dev plundered Meerut and Farrukhabad. Qutubuddin Aibak marched on Bhadaura in 1208, and in the great battle of Bhadauragarh, which was accompanied by great slaughter, Raja Shalya Dev was slain. His pregnant wife, who was the daughter of the Rao of Sikri escaped by concealing herself in a gutter. She was taken to Sikri by two loyal servants, and while crossing the Jumna, she gave birth to a boy, the future Rajju Raut, who would resurrect and re-establish his fathers lost kingdom; he married a daughter of the Rao of Sikri and had issue. He died 1208″. Their main concentration is in Uttar Pradesh however. DHAM DEV RAO Sikarwar, the ruler of Sikri, and a close friend of Rana Sanga fought with Babur in the Battle of Khanwa. He provided complete support to strengthen the Rajput confederation headed by Rana Sanga. In fact the complete Rajput army of Rana Sanga stayed inside the Sikri fort for more than a month, Bargujar’s were his main allies. Each household of Sikri rose on the occasion in cooking food for the confederate Rajput since there was a shortage of cooks. Enough rations had been stocked inside the fort even before the battle started as Sanga had planned to capture Agra. But the Mughal had beat him at that and occupied Agra with speed. The Rajput caused many Mughal casualties in the ‘night battle’. This was after the Rajputs had lost the battle of Kanhua during the day. On entering Sikri fort after blowing its wall with guns Babur sent his General to pursue the Rajputs. (Babur terms the fort as enemy’s Chavanee or cantonment). The command of the Rajput army then devolved up on Dham Dev Rao Sikarwar since Sanga was badly wounded. The fighting withdrawal was conducted with fair amount of discipline and control. The wounded Sanga was loaded on a camel, so was the Sikarwar deity ‘Mata Kamahkya’ who were transported to the safety of Aravalies, protected by a ring of Rajput warriors. Sikarwars migrated from Sikri after the Battle of Kanhua to save their religion and their families from Babur’s atrocities.it was said that during their departure from vijaipur sikri sikarwar pledge that they will not drink the water of the region until they concur their region back from babur.(time has changed but some sikarwars keep their pledge till now). The town of Vijaipur Sikri was renamed Fatehpur Sikri by Babur after the battle of Kanhua (Kanwah) in AD 1527 ‘Fathpur Pukarat Mughal Naam Mori Nagri Ko, Vijaipur Nagri Aaj Fathpur Bhayo Ree’is how Vidhyadhar the bards narrates the renaming. Babur himself had picturized the Battle of Khanwa in his Baburnama. He had mentioned Dham Dev Rao at least twice in his book along with Rana Sanga, Medini Rai, Rao Chandrasen, Silhadi(Shiladitya), Mahmood Khan Lodi, Hasan Khan Mewati. Pathania Rajput

Pathania is the name of the branch of the Chandravanshi, Rajputs, descended from Lord Arjuna & Lord Krishna, the hero of Mahabharata.[18] The Kingdom of Nurpur had its capital at Pathankot, now in Gurdaspur district of Punjab, India. The kingdom included Pathankot and a large tract on the plains of the Punjab; also the whole of the present Nurpur Tahsil of Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, with the addition of Shahpurkandi, now in Gurdaspur, and also a small tract to the west of the Ravi, called Lakhanpur, now in Jammu & Kashmir State. The Kingdom was bounded on the north by Kangra and Chamba, on the south by the Punjab plains, and on the west by the Ravi river. The Capital was at pathankot, which was known as Paithan in the medieval times.[19] All through their history the Pathania clan rebelled against the foreign invaders, both Muslims and the British. Although sometimes the Pathania Kings held the high office’s of Generals known as Mansabdar (Army Commander, reserved for Hindu and Muslim Princes of note) in the Mughal military and captured many a kingdom for the Mughal Emperor in Hindustan and beyond the Indus up till Uzbekistan[20], yet repeatedly they rebelled against the forces of the Mughal’s and other foreign invaders.

Rajvanshi Rajput

Koch Rajbongshi is an ancient tribe originally from the ancient Koch Kingdom. The Rajbongshi Rajput Tribe is referred to as Koch Rajbongshi/Rajbanshi/Rajvanshi. The word Rajbongshi means literally “Royal community”. They have a rich cultural heritage and their own language. The Kamata kingdom appeared in the western part of the older Kamarupa kingdom in the 13th century, after the fall of the Pala dynasty. The rise of the Kamata kingdom marked the end of the ancient period in the History of Assam and the beginning of the medieval period. The first rulers were the Khens, who were later displaced by Alauddin Hussain Shah, the Turko-Afghan ruler of Bengal. Though Hussain Shah developed extensive administrative structures, he could not maintain political control and the control went to the Koch dynasty. The Koches called themselves “Kamateshwars” (the rulers of Kamata), but their influence and expansions were so extensive and far reaching that their kingdom is sometimes called the Koch Kingdom. Under Maharaja Naranarayan, the Koch Dynasty flourished to the highest extent and his brother Shukladhwaj Singha (famous as Chilarai) was one of the greatest hero of that time.

Jethwa Rajput

During the time of Mahmud of Ghazni, the Jethwa’s controlled all the west and north of the Kathiawar but after suffering heavy losses to the Jhala and Jadeja Rajputs they were confined to a district known as Barda. The Jethwa ruler Mayurdhwaj established the capital in what is now known as Morvi, formally known as Mayurpuri, and they were there from 1193. After shifting to Nagnah, they later established their rule in Ghumli, under Sal Kumar. It is however through Jethaji that the Jethwa’s got their name. Sangaji was a descendent of Jethaji who received the title of Rana, which is still a title held by Jethwa rulers today, after defeating a large Vaghela army in Morvi. The reigns of Rana Bhavsinhji (1900–1908) and Rana Natwarsinhji (1908–1979) both Maharaja of Porbandar gave the state of Porbandar first class status after many battles for the throne within the royal family in 1811, 1869 and 1886. Rana Natwarsinhji, who died in 1973 joined the Indian Union in 1947 and Porbander, now the Porbander District in the State of Gujarat became a part of the Indian Union. The Jethwa Rajputs belong to the Gautam/Vajas Gotra and their kuldevi is Vindhyavasini. The main villages that the Jethwa Rajputs hail from are Morana, Ratdi, Shrinagar, Pandavadar, Gosa, Chaya,Rozda,Hathla,Gadu,Kantela,Baradiya,Katvana,and Ghumli are 12 village in Gujarat. It is also said that one of the prince from Kashmir after having lost his Kingdom came to Gujrat near Porbandar and here with the blessings of Harsiddhi Mata, whose temple is located around 35 km from Porbandar established a Kingdom at Ghumli. His descendents later came to be known as Jethwa, the earstwhile rulers of State of Porbandar.

Pundir Rajput

The Pundir (also spelled Pandeer, Pandir, Pundhir, Pundeer, Poondir or Poondeer) is a Suryavanshi branch of Rajputs. Royalty Raja Jagat Singh Pundir – Mau – Uttar Pradesh Raja Damar Singh Pundir – Bijaygarh – Uttar Pradesbr /br / Rao Kanha (1424-1427)h Raja Pitambar Singh Pundir – Jusmore – Uttar Prad Rao Chada (1328-1344)esh Raja Amardeo Pundir – Mayapur – Chamoli – Garhwal Kanwarani Dr. Khushboo Pundir – Kankarwa – Mewar – Rajasthan Raja Ram Singh Pundir – Bajera Khera – Aligarh – Uttar Pradesh Kanwarani Padmini Pundir – Kutlehar-Himachal Pradesh Chaudhary Bijendra Singh Pundir – Kanwali Estate Thakur Arjun Singh Pundir – Aligarh Thakur Arpit Singh Pundir – Badaun – Uttar Pradesh

Pusapati Rajput

The Pericchedi Kings were an ancient ruling clan in Andhra and are ancestors of the Pusapati Rajput royal family. Paricchedis built Bezawada (Modern Vijayawada) off the r That was beginning of history of Marwar. Rao Siha known as founder of Marwar state. According to inscription found at Bithu village near Pali, Rao Siha died in year 1273. Sheoji’s death is confirmed by a stone inscription in the village of Vithu near the town of Pali in Rajasthan, according to which he died on Monday, 9 October 1273. iver Krishna by 626 AD and another capital in Kollipaka establishing themselves for nine centuries there. The name is derived from the Sanskrit Pushavat (Pushan), meaning of the sun, to highlight their Suryavanshi lineage.

Mori/Maurya Rajput

Mori clan is one of 36 royal Rajput clans of India. mori is modified name of maurya who rule Indian- subcontinent Approximate Dates of Mauryan Dynasty Chandragupta Maurya 322 BCE 298 BCE, Bindusara 297 BCE 272 BCE, Asoka The Great 273 BCE 232 BCE, Dasaratha 232 BCE 224 BCE, Samprati 224 BCE 215 BCE, Salisuka 215 BCE 202 BCE, Devavarman 202 BCE 195 BCE, Satadhanvan 195 BCE 187 BCE, Brihadratha 187 BCE 185 BCE, It was one of the world’s largest empires in its time. At its greatest extent, the empire stretched to the north along the natural boundaries of the Himalayas, and to the east stretching into what is now Assam. To the west, it reached beyond modern Pakistan, annexing Balochistan and much of what is now Afghanistan, including the modern Herat[citation needed] and Kandahar provinces. The Empire was expanded into India’s central and southern regions by the emperors Chandragupta and Bindusara, but it excluded a small portion of unexplored tribal and forested regions near Kalinga (modern Orissa). Bhati Rajput

Bhatti Rajputs are Chandravanshi Rajput Clan. They rule Jaiselmer for Many centuries. The Famous Bhatti Rajput warrior is Dhula bhati

Chib Rajput Chib Rajputs rule Himachal for centuries, but after that they conver into islam Chand Kings Chand Kings were a medieval Raghuvanshi Rajput ruling clan of Kumaon region of the Uttarakhand state of India, which ruled the region after the decline of Katyuri Kings in 11th century AD., and continued till the rise of the British in 18th century.

Jadeja Rajput

Jadeja(Gujarati is the name of a major clan of Chandravanshi Rajput [ Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, Hanumargarh ]br /br //ps. The Chandravanshi claim descent from Yadu Ancestry, the Hindu Moon-God, or the Lunar Dynasty. They ruled huge parts of the Kathiawar peninsula and Kutch until India’s independence in 1947.They Rule kindoms of Kutch,Dhrol,Nawanagar,Rajkot,Morbi and also jadeja rajput is son of god krishna. Shekhawat Rajput

Shekhawat is a sub-clan of KISHANGARH in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1611 span style=”color: #993300″ by Raja Kishan Singh, son of Udai Singh of Marwar. /spanKachwaha Rajputs found mainly in Rajasthan, India. The Shekhawat Rajputs ruled over the Shekhawati region for over 500 years.Shekhawati was established by the Shekhawat Rajputs and it was ruled by them till India’s Independence. Bhojraj Shekhawats ruled over two territories; one was Pentalisa and another was Panch Pana. Pentalisa comprised Jhajhar, Gudhagorji, Khirod, Chirana etc. and Panch Pana comprised the Thikanas of Khetri, Bissau, Mukandgarh, Nawalgarh, Dundlod,Mandawa, Mehansar, Alsisar, Inderpura, Malsisar, Taen,Mandrella, Arooka, Chowkari, Hirwa, Sigra Thakur Shardul Singh, a descendent of Rao Bhojraj Ji, conquered Jhunjhunu in 1730 from the Kayamkhani Nawabs.

Minhas or Manhas

The Minhas and Rajput clans were extremely powerful during the time of the Hindu Shahi dynasty of Kabul and ruled over many small kingdoms extending from eastern Afghanistan through the Jammu/Sialkot areas of West Punjab and up to the Jalandhar/Kangra area of eastern Punjab. Banda Bahadur, the famous disciple of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru and the founder of the Khalsa Brotherhood was born into a Minhas Rajput family in Rajouri in the Jammu region. Banda Bahadur was an accomplished warrior-general, who almost destroyed Mughal presence in eastern Punjab and arguably created the first Sikh State.

Chauhan Rajput

Origins Rajput bardic accounts describe the Chauhans as one of the four Agnikula clans who claim to have their origin from a sacrificial fire-pit (agnikunda) at Mount Abu to fight againsbr /t the Asuras or demons Agnikula accounts claim Suryavanshi descent. the Agnikula myth of origin is of dubious provenance: it appears in manuscripts from the 16th century onwards – and was perpetuated in the works . Harsraj This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2011) Harsraj Chauhan reigned about 812 – 827 VS (756 AD), his authority stretched from Aravalli to Abu to Chambal. He fell against the Muslim Invaders from Sind. A Chauhan king ruled from Lahore and he sought the help of his sovereign – the king of Ajmer, who sent forward a force of 5000 of the finest Chauhan Horsemen to aid the Chauhan King ofstrspan style=”color: #993300″It is also said that one of the prince from Kashmir after having lost his Kingdom came to Gujrat near Porbandar and here with the blessings of Harsiddhi Mata, whose temple is located around 35 km from Porbandar established a Kingdom at Ghumli. His descendents later came to be known as Jethwa, the earstwhile rulers of State of Porbandar.ong Lahore. Lahore King’s brother led the forces and fought as many as 70 battles with the forces of Ghor, Gajni and Kabul. Harsraj was followed by his son Doojgundeo Chauhan. His outpost was Bhatnair and from there he once defeated Nusruddin also caspan style=”color: #993300″lled Suspan style=”color: #993300″/spanbaktegin, son of Aleptegin and who was the father of Md. Gajni who raided India later. From this ruler, Doojungdeo collected 1200 horses. Ajay Raj (Anuraj) Chauhans later aspan style=”color: #993300″ Royaltysserted their independence from the Gurjara Pratiharas, and in the early eleventh century, the Sakhambari king Ajaya-Raja founded the city of Ajayameru (Ajmer)[10] in the southern part of their kingdom. Bisaldeo His son was the famous Chauhan King Bi /spansaldeo who was famous for repulsing Chaluka attacks and that of western powers and one time led an army of Indian Rajput Kings,[11] his cospan style=”color: #993300″span style=”color: #993300″ntemprories were: Jeypal Tuar of Delhi, Durlabh and Bhim Solanki of Patun-Gujarat, Parmara Raja Bhoj and Udaydit of Dhar and Padamsi and Tejsi of Mewar. Bisaldev Chauhan fights Chaluk of Patan In 936 V.S. (993 A.D.) he reduced Abu, Jalor on way to destroy the Solanki (Chaluk) of Patan – Bhim Singh ‘Baluk’ , with a force that was 70,000 strong with all the allies.[12] Further he took land of Girnar, Wagar and Sorath and total 56 cities and molested common people, a sin for warrior in those days. The Chaluka King Baluka (Bhim) Rai had 17000 strong army at Patan and 30000 Horsemen from Lar, he came to Abu for fight. Someshwar defeats Kamdhuj of Kannauj Raja Vijaychand Kamdhuj attacked the Anangpal Tuar of Delhi and at that time, Raja Someshwar of Ajmer forged an alliance with Anangpal Tuar of Delhi.[13] At Kalindi River (Kalinadi-Black River) Vijaychand formed army in Sarpa /span/strong (vyuha). Chauhan was the victor of the ensuing battle. Samantas Mukut Bandh and Mandaleshwar are traditionally the two type of samanta (a title for noble vassals) accorded by Chauhans. The Mukut Bandh owned land but accepted the suzerainty of the Chauhans, while Mandaleshwar were granted jagirs by Chauhan rulers. The Chauhan dynasty flourished from the 8th to 12th centuries AD.[citation needed] It was one of the four main Rajput dynasties of that era, the others being Gurjara-Pratiharas, Paramaras and Chalukyas.[citation needed] Chauhan dynasties established themselves in several places in North India and in the state of Gujarat& Maharashtra in Western India. They were also prominent at Sirohi in the southwest of Rajputana, and at Bundi and Kota in the east. Inscriptions also associate them with Sambhar, the salt lake area in the Amber (later Jaipur) district (the Sakhambari branch remained near lake Sambhar and married into the ruling Pratihara, who then ruled an empire in Northern India). Chauhans adopted a political policy that saw them indulge largely in campaigns against the Chalukyas and the invading Muslim hordes. In the 11th century they founded the city of Ajayameru (Ajmer) in the southern part of their kingdom, and in the 12th century captured Dhilika (the ancient name of Delhi) from the Tanwar and annexed some of their territory along the Yamuna River Chauhan Rajput rule over Punjab Haryana Delhi Radthambore Ajmer and some part of orissa

Prithviraj Chauhan Prithviraj III has become famous in folk tales and historical literature as the “Chauhan king of Delhi” who resisted the Muslim attack under Mohammed of Ghorin the First Battle of Tarain (1191). Armies from other Rajput kingdoms, including Mewar assisted him. However, Prithviraj was captured in the Second Battle of Tarain the following year. According to one of the view Prithviraj killed Ghori by Shabdbhedi ban vidya when there was archery contest organised by Ghori in his court in ghazni. There is one more theory which suggests Ghori killed prithviraj after deafeating him in the second battle of Tarain Prithvi Raj Chauhan, The Last great Hindu King of Delhi: (1168-1192 CE; pronounced. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was a king of the Hindu Rajput Chauhan (Chauhan) dynasty, who ruled a kingdom in northern India during the latter half of the 12th century. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was the Second last Hindu king to sit upon the throne of Delhi (the last Hindu king being Hemu). He succeeded to the throne in 1179 CE at the age of 11, and ruled from the twin capitals of Ajmer and Delhi. He controlled much of Rajasthan and Haryana, and unified the Rajputs against Muslim invasions. His elopement with Samyukta (Sanyogita), the daughter of Jai Chandra, the Gahadvala king of Kannauj, is a popular romantic tale in India, and is one of the subjects of the Prithviraj Raso, an epic poem composed by Prithviraj’s court poet and friend, Chand Bardai. Prithvi Raj fought and defeated the Afghan ruler Muhammad Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain in 1191 CE but was then immediately defeated at the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192 CE. After his defeat, India was open to invasion by the Mahmud Ghori, and Delhi came under the control of him. Qila Rai Pithora in Delhi, also known as Pithoragarh.

Vansh Agnivanshi Descended from: Dhundhar[citation needed] Common Ancestry Cheema, Chahal, Chohan Chahar, Chatha, Chhillar Branches: Sanchora, Sonigara, Lonia Hadas, Deoras, Bhadurias, Chavan.[1][2] Ruled in Nadol, Jalor, Dhundhar, Ajmer, Delhi, Haryana, Hadoti, Godwar Princely states: Ajmer (7th c.-1365) Ranthambore (1236–1302), Neemrana, Tulsipur (7th c.-1857 AD), Mainpuri (U.P)

Puar Rajputs Also called as Panwar or Parmar rajputs . It is a clan of chandravanshi rajputs later included in the agnivansha. They are ancient rulers of avanti or ujjain. They possess a genealogical chart comprising of 238 generations of kings of India descended from king Agnipalak. In 350 B.C. Adut Puar of was a ruler of this line who eliminated buddhism in India and established vedic empire. From that period of time they are ruling India up to the Muslim invasions. Name of Kings of Panwar dynasty - 1.PRAMARA 2716-2719 ; 392-386 BCE 2.MAHAMARA 2716-2719 ; 386-383 BCE 3. DEVAPI 2719-2722; 383-380 BCE 4. DEVADUTA 2722-2725; 380-377 BCE 5. DEFEATED BY SAKAS. LEFT UJJAIN AND HAD GONE TO SRISAILAM. INEFFICIENT AND NAMELESS KINGS. THEIR NAMES ARE NOT MENTIONED IN THE PURANAS. 6 GANDHARVASENA (1ST TIME) ; 182-132 BCE 7 SANKHARAJA SON OF NO.6. WENT TO FOREST FOR MEDITATION NO.7 DIED ISSUELESS. 30 2970-3000; 132-102 7. GANDHARVASENA RETURNEDFROM THE FOREST AND TOOK UP THE GOVERNMENT AGAIN} 203000-3020; 102-82 BCE 8 VIKRAMADITYA (2ND SON OF GANDHARVASENA BORN IN 3001KALI(101BCE.) 100 3020-3120; 82-19CE 9 DEVABHAKTA 10 3120-3130; 19-29CE. 10 NAMELESS KING OR KINGS(NAME NOT GIVEN IN THE PURANAS) 11.Salivahan Vikramaditya and Salivahana are historical personages and both of them belong to the Panwar dynasty of Agni Vamsa. Of this dynasty Vikrama is the 8th, Salivahana the 11th, and Bhoja the 21st king. Salivahana was the great-grandson of Vikramaditya and he should not be confounded with Hala-Satavahana who belonged to the Andhra Satavahana family and flourished in the 5th century BCE. (i.e. 500-495 BCE). We shall now come to the evidence of the historicity of these two personages. “purne thrimsachchate varshe Kalau prapte bhayamkare Sakanamcha Vinasardham Arya Dharma vivruddhaye Jatassivajnaya sopi kailasat Guhyakalayat.” (Bhavishya Maha Purana 3-1-7-14,15 verses) “ Vikramaditya namanam pita Krutwa mumodaha Sa balopi mahaprajanah pithru Mathru priyamkarah” “pancha Varshe vayah prapte Tapasordhe vanam gatah Dwadasabdam prayathnena Vikramena krutam tapah” “Paschadambavatim divyam Purim yatah sriyanvitah Divyam simhasanam ramyam Dwathrimsan murthi samyutam” “At the completion of 3000 years after the advent of the terrible Kaliyuga, (ie.101 BCE.) a person descended from the abode of Guhyakas in Kailasa, at the command of Siva, for the purpose of destroying the Sakas and uplifting Arya-Dharma. He was born to the Great King Gandharvasena. The father named him ‘Vikramaditya’ and felt very much rejoiced. Though a boy he was very wise and pleased his parents. (Bhavishya Purana 3-1-7-14,15,16 verses) When he was 5 years pld, Vikrama went to the forest and did penance for 12 years. Having enriched his greatness by penance he reached the city Ambavati (Ujjain) and was anointed as a king on a golden throne decorated with 32 golden dolls.” (This was in the year 3020 0f Kali era i.e. 82 BCE.) (Bhav. 3-1-7-17,18). It should be noted that Vikramaditya was not a title as some historians think. But it was the name christened by the father. Key Dates Legend Kali, BCE 1.Birth of Vikramaditya 3001- 101 2.Coronation of Vikramaditya 3020 – 82 3.Starting of Vikrama era when he visited Nepal, (see Nepal Vamsavali) 3044 – 58 – 57 4.Dedication of Jyotirvada bharana by Kalidasa 3068 – 33 49 3130-3179; 29-78 8 (vide Bhavishya Maha Purana 3rd Parva 4th Kanda 1st Chapter from 12 to 46 verses). (for easy references see “Kings of Agni Vamsa” By Kota Venkatachalam – in Telugu) This royal dynasty came to a close in the battle of Kurukshetra. Along with this dynasty have closed the four dynasties of Agni Vamsa, except a few royal families of the chaulakya dynasty that established their might in the south. The history of the four Agnivamsis is narrated in 72 out of the 100 chapters in the Pratisagra parva of Bhavishya-Maha-Purana. Out of the 72 chapters 44 are devoted for the history of Vikrama and Salivahana. It is a wonder that the history of these illustrious emperors of Agni Vamsa is not touched at all by the western historians, The names of Prithviraja, Jayachandra, Rani Samyukta and Bhoja could not be mentioned by them, but the history of the remaining persons of these dynasties was purposely withheld. What is worse, these historians began to assert that Vikrama and Salivahana were not historical persons at all, and they attributed their eras to some nameless Saka kings. The Panwar dynasty in which Vikramaditya and Salivahana were born in the most important of the four Agnivamsis. Vikramaditya and Salivahana conquered the whole bharat from Himalayas to Cape Comorin, became emperors and established their eras. Salivahana performed the Ashwamedha sacrifice. The situation of the country after Vikramaditya is described in the bhavishya Maha Purana, 3-3-2-9; 17 verses. The gist of the slokas is given here. After Vikramaditya reached heaven several (incompetent and nameless) kings ruled the country. (From 19 to 78 CE.) Then the empire of Vikramaditya was split up into 18 kingdoms. The limits of the empire were:- Sindhu in West . Setu in the South. Badari in the North.Badari in the North. Kapilarashtra in the East. The 18 Kingdoms formed were:- 1. Indraprastha. 2. Panchala. 3. Kurukshetra. 4. Kapilarashtra. 5. Antervedi. 6. Vrajarashtra. 7. Ajmir. 8. Maru (Rajputana). 9. Ghurjara. 10. Maharashtra. 11. Dravida. 12. Kalinga (included Andhra Desa). 13. Avanti. 14. Udupam. 15. Vangadesa (Bengal). 16. Gaudadesa. 17. Magadha. 18. Kosala. There were several languages and religions in these kingdoms, each of which had a separate king. Under these circumstances, the Sakas and Mlechcha tribes heard that the Aryadharma was decaying and crossing the Indus in large hoards attacked Aryadesa. They entered the country through the Himalayan and Indus regions and plundered these small kingdoms, killed the old, the infants and the women-folk and abducted many women. (Bhavishya 3-3-29-17 verses.) SALIVAHANA In those times, Emperor Salivahana the great grandson of Vikramaditya came to the ancestral throne of Ujjain. With a great army he proceeded against the Sakas, the Chinas, the Tartars, the Bahleekas, the Kamarupis, the Romans or Ramatas and the deceitful Khorasanis and defeated them. He took back the treasures plundered by them, punished them and drove them out of the country in 3179 of the Kali era (i.e. 78 CE.). The Great Emperor Salivahana demarcated the Aryastana, and the Mlechchastana, the river Sindhu being the dividing line; the land to the east of the river being called ‘Sindhustana’ and the land to the west of it being called mlechchastana. (Bhavishya 3-3-2-17, 21 verses.) The Salivahana era started in the year Kali 3179 or 78th year of the Christian era. Salivahana not only demarcated the Aryastana and Mlechchastana but also made arrangements for the prevention of the Mlechchas crossing the border of river Sindhu. He performed the horse sacrifice and reached heaven after ruling for 60 years. (78 to 138 CE) Bhoja is the tenth king after Salivahana (i.e. 21st king of the Panwar line). He went on an expedition to the northern countries up to Herat and conquered them The western historians undoubtedly read the detailed history of the Agnivamsis in the Bhavishya Maha Purana and have taken from it short accounts of a few kings like Bhoja, prithvi Baja etc. and have incorporated them into their histories. It is a wonder that they have not given even the lists of the kings of the four dynasties-not even mentioned Vikramaditya and Salivahana the most important emperors who founded their eras that are still widely used in India. Further these western scholars treated Vikrama and Salivahana as mythical persons. It is a pity that Native scholars blindly followed their western masters and is unable to come out of the trap even after a century of historical research. It is high time that our historians should open their eyes to the truth held out in the puranas. The great king vikramaditya was of this line and started vikram era in 56 A.D. after defeating sakyas (buddhists)was the religion of the preceding Gupta Empire. His elder brother Raja bharthari is famous for his Raja Yoga . Vikramaditya’s grandson Raja salivahan also fought against foreigners and established Salivahan era in 78 A.D. Later much celebrated king of India of this line is King Bhojraja . He wrote around 80 books in his lifetime on yoga , arthshastra , weapons and vimanas. According to Bhavishya Purana the king Bhoja ruled up to the sindhu river (Indus Riverand he was ordered by Lord Shiva to teach vedic religion to the Barbaric living past the Indus river . Somnath temple was also built by this legendary king . Raja Jagdev Parmar , who offered his head to the Goddess was also from this line . The state of Rajgarh was ruled by the Puar rulers and came into separate existence after the division of Umatwara in the 16th century. The other half-of Umatwara was ruled by the sister state of Narsingarh. The Puar Rawats, later Rajas, became tributaries of Sindhia in the 18th century. The Maratha Peshwa Bajirao invaded Malwa in 1723, and his armies were led by Maratha generals that included Udaji Rao Puar, Malhar Rao Holkar and Ranoji Sinde. Udaji Rao Puar established himself at Dhar in Malwa in 1728, but in 1732 fell out of favor with the Peshwa and was imprisoned; his younger brother Anand Rao Puar became the Raja of Dhar, and his descendants ruled the state until Indian Independence. Two Puar brothers, Tukaji Rao (senior) and Jivaji Rao (junior), established themselves as rulers of Dewas in 1728; their descendants divided the state in two, ruled by senior and junior branches of the family descended from the two brothers. The Puar rulers of Chhatarpur took control of the state in 1785, and became a princely state of British India in 1806. The Puar Maharaja acceded to the Government of India on 1 January 1950.

Katoch Rajput

Katoch is the name of a Rajput clan belonging to the chandravanshi kshatriya lineage[21]. The Katoch dynasty[22] is considered to be the oldest surviving royal dynasty in the world[23] They first find mention in the mythological Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabharata and the second mention is in the recorded history of Alexander the Great’s war records. One of the Indian kings who in the time of Alexander ruled area near Kangra is said to be a Katoch king.[24]. In Mahabharata they are referred to as Trigarta who fight Arjuna. Raja Susarma Chandra fought Pandav Arjuna. He was ally of Duryodhana and sworn enemy of Virat and Matsya Kingdoms. In past centuries, they ruled several princely states in the region. The originator of the clan was Rajanaka Bhumi Chand[22]. Their famous Maharaja Sansar Chand-II was a great ruler. The ruler Rajanaka Bhumi Chand Katoch founded the Jwalaji Temple in Himachal Pradesh. Timeline – Katoch dynasty This article may contain original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding references. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed. More details may be available on the talk page. (September 2007) C. 4300 BC

Rajanaka Bhumi Chand founded the Katoch Dynasty

BC. 3000 BC The Rajas of Kangra fought against the Hindu deity lord Rama C. 1500 BC (234th) Raja Susarma Chandra fought against the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war He also built the fort of Kangra C. 900 BC The Katoch kings fought the Persian and Assyrian attacks on Punjab C. 500 BC to Rajanaka Parmanand Chandra (better known as Porus) fought Alexander the Great C. 275 BC The Katoch Rajas fought Ashoka the Great and lost their lands in Multan C. 100 AD The Rajas of Kangra fought numerous battles against the Rajas of Kannauj C. 470 AD The Rajas of Kangras fought the Rajas of Kashmir for the supermacy in the hills The Katoch armies fight against Muhammad of Ghor (the lands of Jalandhar were lost c.1220 AD) C. 1341 AD Rajanaka Rup Chandra’s looting expeditions take him till the gates of Delhi The Katoch kings fight Taimur Tughlaqs grant the title of Mian to the Katoch Royal Family C.1405 AD Further division of the Kangra State; state of Guler is founded C.1450 AD Further Guler State is also divided and a new State namely SIBA is found. C.1526 – 1556 AD Sikandar Shah Suri and the Rajas of Kangra combine their forces against Akbar but are defeated The Raja of Kangra renders his alliance to Emperor Akbar and in return in given the title of Maharaja Later, the Mughals attack the fort of Kangra 52 times but fail to defeat it C. 1620 AD Mughals occupy the fort of Kangra First European travelers to the court of Kangra C. 1700 AD Maharaja Bhim Chandra unites with Guru Gobind Singh against Aurangzeb He receives the title of Dharam Rakshak from the Guru C. 1750 AD Maharaja Ghamand Chandra is made the (first ever Rajput) Nizam of Jalandhar by the Durranis C. 1775 AD to C. 1820 AD The golden age of Kangra under Raja Sansar Chand-II Kangra miniature painting flourishes under him C. 1820 AD Decline of the Kangra state Kangra fort occupied by the Sikhs after the Gorkha War but the Fort of Siba was re- captured by Raja Ram Singh after defeated the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. 1846 AD The Sikhs cede Kangra to the HEIC The Katoch kings fight for their independence against the British. Raja Pramod Chand loses the battle and is taken prisoner to Almoda – he dies there 1924 AD Maharaja Jai Chandra of Kangra-Lambagraon is granted the title of “Maharaja” as a hereditary distinction, and a salute of 11 guns as a personal honour. 1947 AD Maharaja Dhruv Dev Chandra (last ruler of Kangra-Lambagraon) merges his estate with the Dominion of India, when India gains Independence 1972 AD The Princely Order is abolished in India and the Rajas of Kangra-Lambagraon become ordinary citizens The district of Kangra is merged with the newly founded state of Himachal Pradesh.Siba State is simply incorporated in India.

Doad Rajput

Doad is a clan of Rajputs. Estate of Jaijon – Jaswals succeeded in conquering the estate of Jaijon again from the Doads. Estate of Saroya – Jaswals also succeeded in conquering the estate of Saroya again from the Doads. Estate of Kungrat – Jaswals tried hard to conquer Kungrat. They fought many battles to conquer it but each time had to retreat. Finally, in 1800, there was an agreement between both tribes, in which they had finalised each others territory. By this the centuries old enemity of both tribes turned into friendship. In 1800, the ruler of Kangra, Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch attacked the Jaswals. In this battle, the Doads helped the Jaswals. Raja Sansar Chand lost and retreated back. At this time, Deo Chand’s 41st generation was ruling Kungrat, under which 22 villages were dependent. Last ruler of Kungrat was Malkait chand and after that they shifted to gharshakar and his younger brother Balbir Singh Shifted to Mehandipur and its now known as balachaur. Nowadays Doads are found in parts of Una. Estate of Manswal – Around 1000 A.D., Deo Chand’s 8 generation, King Shankar Sahai Doad, the ruler of the Manswal Estate, founded the city of Garh Shankar. King Shankar Sahai transferred the capital from Mansowal to Garh Shankar. Around 1775, Shankar Sahai’s 31st generation was ruling Garh Shankar (Mansowal). At that time, the stakes were high between Doad tribe and the neighboring Ghorewaha (They are descendent of Ram, Raja Man Singh who was sixth in line from Ram had two sons Kushwaha and Ghorewaha, many Ghorewahas became Muslims and migrated to Pakistan after partition, the most notabele person from this tribe would be Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Chaudhary, these days they use Rana as their family title. Although there are some Hindu Ghorewahas along with the Ruler of Jadla, in the regions of Doaba.) tribes. Doad tribe always overcame the Ghorewaha tribe.

Bhaduria Rajput

The Bhaduria are Agnivanshi and belong to the Agnivansha. According to legend, they are descended from Agni, the Hindu God of Fire. The Agnivanshi lineage is one of the three lineages into which the Kshatriya caste of Hindus is divided, the other two races being the Suryavanshi and the Chandravanshi. The Bhadawar kingdom Rule Bind,Agra Morena and some other Part of chambal The chief of this clan was ruler of Bhadawar State(this state is in Bhind District of Madhya Pradesh) before 1947 AD. The is a big fort in Ater near Bhind built by the Bhadawar kings. The word Bhaduria literally means some one from Bhadwar. According to their traditions, the descend from Manika Rai, a Chauhan of Ajmer who settled along the banks of the Chambal river. About 1246, this Chauhan colony was all but exterminated. The sole survivor was a pregnant Rani, who gave birth to a son Rajju. This Rajju was granted a jagir by a Sultan of Delhi in Bhadawar in return for ejecting the Meos, who were attacking and raiding in the neighbouring. Thus arose the clan of Bhadauriya Chauhans. The Bhaduria are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi and Rajasthan.[25]

Samma Rajput

The Sammas, a Rajput tribe, gained control of Thatta in the southern Sindh from the Sumras around 1335, and expanded their territory northward to Bhakkar and beyond. Throughout the period of the Samma dynasty, Turkic groups were pushing down from the northwest, including those led by Timur (Tamerlane) who sacked Delhi in 1398, and later the Mughals who finally conquered Delhi under Babur in 1526. The Sammas fought off these invaders until they were finally defeated by the Arghun Dynasty, who had been displaced from Kandahar in Afghanistan by Babur, in 1519-1520 A.D.

Soomra Rajput Estate of Saroya – Jaswals also/span br //p succeeded in conquering the estate of Saroya again from the Doads. The Soomra Dynasty was established by the Soomra Rajput tribe of Sindh. The Soomra ruled Sindh from 750-1351. Following the 985 CE expulsion of the Qarmatian Muslim sect from Iraq and Egypt, the Qarmatians relocated to Sindh, finding converts among the Soomra. Mahmud of Ghazn Raja Damar Singh Pundir – Bijaygarh – Uttar Prades

The Soomra Dynasty was established by the Soomra Rajput tribe of Sindh. The Soomra ruled Sindh from 750-1351. Following the 985 CE expulsion of the Qarmatian Muslim sect from Iraq and Egypt, the Qarmatians relocated to Sindh, finding converts among the Soomra. Mahmud of Ghazn

Further division of the Kangra State; state of Guler is founded

Jarral Rajput

The Jarral Rajputs’ (Urdu: جـرال راجپوت, also spelled jaraal ‘Jarral, Jerral) (jaral)are a prominent Rajput tribe who converted into islam during islamic rule and become Muslim Rajput. They are well known for being the last longest ruling royal dynasty of Rajouri in Kashmir which only ended in the mid 19th century with the advent of the British Raj.

Raja Nooruddin Khan attacked the kingdom of Rajouri in Kashmir and captured it in the year 1194 AD. The Jarrals rule over Rajouri, which lasted for six hundred and fifty years.

Rajput resistance to Muslim Attack

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Rajput Kingdoms contended with the rising and expansionist empires of Central Asia, be they Arabs, Moghuls, Mongols, Afghans, or other Turks. They earned their reputation by fighting these battles with a code of chivalrous conduct rooted in their strong adherence to tradition and (Hindu dharma). The Rajput Kingdoms held out against the Arab Caliphates and other Central Asian Empires for several centuries. A few Rajput Kings did convert to Islam, and eventually an alliance formed with the Mughals, which laid the foundations for the creation of the largest pre-colonial era empire in South Asia. The heroism and sacrifice displayed by the Rajputs is legendary in the chronicles of Indian history.

Gaznavid invasions

In the early 11th century, Mahmud of Ghazni conquered the Hindu-Shahi kingdom in the Punjab, and his raids into northern India weakened the Gurjar Pratihara kingdom, which was drastically reduced in size and came under the control of the Chandelas. Mahmud sacked some temples across northern India to stop idol worship, including the temple at Somnath in Gujarat, but his permanent conquests were limited to the Punjab. The early 11th century also saw the reign of the polymath king Raja Bhoj, the Paramara ruler of Malwa.

Gahadvala’s, Chandel’s, Tomar’s and Chauhan’s spread

The Rathores, as the Gahadvala dynasty, reestablished the kingdom of Kannauj, capturing it from Tomar rulers ruling the Ganges plain. The Rahevars, as the Rever dynasty, established the kingdom of Tarangadh in 1 /span1th through the 12th ce/spanntury, and conquering Marwar in the 13th. Chandela’s established Jejakbhukti and ruled from Mahoba.

The Rajputs did unite once in a while against foreign invaders – once under Bappa Rawal, then under Shakti Kumar of Mewar/Maiwar. A few times under Jaypal Tomar but once the foreign invasions stopped, the Rajputs fought each other in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Major wars broke out between Tomars of Delhi and Gahadavalas of Kannauj. The Kalinadi being the witness of many such wars, as it was the line of control between those kingdoms.

Md. Ghori’s Invasion

Prithiviraj II, ruler of Delhi, crushed Muhammad of Ghor in 1191 with the help of his Bargujar allies and relatives at the First Battle of Tarain and Ghori was captured. After Ghori sued for his life he was let go despite strong resistance by Prithviraj’s generals. Ghori managed to defeat Prithviraj the following year at the Second Battle of Tarain, and the attacks of Muhammad’s armies brought down the Gahadvala kingdom of Kannauj in 1194.

Slave Dynasty and Rajputs

The Delhi Sultanate was founded by Qutb ud din Aybak, Muhammad of Ghor’s successor, in first decade of the 13th century. The Chauhans reestablished themselves at Ranthambore, led by Govinda Chauhan, grandson of Prithviraj III. Jalore was ruled by another branch of Chauhans, the Songaras. Another branch of the Chauhans, the Hadas, established a kingdom in Hadoti in the mid-13th century.

Fight against Khilji’s

Sultan Ala ud din Khilji (1296–1316) conquered Gujarat (1297) and Malwa (1305),captured fort of mandu and handed over to the songara chouhans, and captured the fortresses of Ranthambore (1301), Mewar’s capital Chittorgarh (1303) and Jalor (1311) after long sieges with fierce resistance from their Rajput defenders. Ala ud khilji also fought with Bhatti rajputs of Jaisalmer and occupied the Golden fort.

Fight against Tuglaq’s

Mewar reestablished their supremacy within 50 years of the sack of Chittor under Maharana Hammir. Hammir defeated Muhammad Tughlaq with Bargujars as main allies and captured him. Tughlaq had to pay huge ransom and relinquish all of Mewar’s lands. After this the Delhi Sultanate did not attack Chittor for a few hundred years. The Rajputs reestablished their independence, and Rajput states were established as far east as Bengal and north into the Punjab. The Tomaras established themselves at Gwalior, and the ruler Man Singh Tomar built the fortress which still stands there. Mewar emerged as the leading Rajput state, and Rana Kumbha expanded his kingdom at the expense of the sultanates of Malwa and Gujarat.

Lodhi’s and Mughal’s

The Delhi Sultanate recovered somewhat under the Lodhi dynasty, and Rana Sanga of Mewar convinced Babur to challenge Ibrahim Lodi for control of the Delhi Sultanate, hoping that the struggle between Muslim rivals would allow the Rajputs to reclaim Delhi. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi at the First Battle of Panipat on April 21, 1526, and the Rana Sanga rallied a Rajput army to challenge Babur. Babur barely managed to defeat the Rajputs at the Battle of Khanua on March 16, 1527. The Rajput rulers agreed to pay tribute to Babur, but most retained control of their states, and struggles between Babur’s successor Humayun and the Suri Dynasty for control of the Sultanate preoccupied the Muslims for several decades.

Rajputs at the Rise of Mughals

Soon after his defeat in 1527 at The Battle of Khanwa, Rana Sanga died in 1528. Bahadur Shah of Gujrat became a powerful Sultan. He captured Raiseen in 1532 and defeated Mewar/maiwar in 1533. He helped Tatar Khan to capture Bayana which was under Mughal occupation. Humayun sent Hindal and Askari to fight Tatar Khan. At the battle of Mandrail in 1534 Tatar Khan was defeated and killed. Raja of Amber Puranmal helped Mughals in this battle. He himself was killed in this battle. Now it became necessary for Humayun to crush the rising power of Bahadur Shah. When Bahadur Shah was engaged in besieging the fort of Chittor, Humayun started against him. Hearing the news Rani “Karmawati” widow of Rana Sanga sent Rakhi to Hymayun. Humayun is considered to have accepted the Rakhi but stopped at Sarang Pur in January 1535. Mewar/Maiwar was weakened due to constant struggles. After a long wait Rajputs had a last fight on March 8, 1535 and Rani Karmawati together with other women committed Jauhar the same day. Humayun now pursued Bahadur Shah. Later Bahadur Shah and Sher Shah Suri created many problems for Humayun and he lost the empire. Fortunately he regained the empire in July 1555. Soon after he died in January 1556. Akbar the son of Humayun tried to persuade Mewar/Maiwar to accept mughal sovereignty like other Rajputs. But Rana Udai Singh didn’t accept it. Ultimately Akbar besieged the fort of Chittor in 1567. This time Rana Udai Singh acted tactfully and left the fort with his family. Jaimal Rathor of “Merta” and Fatah Singh of “Kelwa” were left to take care of the fort. On 23 February 1568, Akbar hit a Prominent Person with his gun who was looking after the repair work. The person was Jaimal Rathore. In the same night Rajput women committed Jauhar and Rajput men, led by the wounded Jaimal and Fatta (Fatah Singh), fought their last battle. Akbar entered the fort and at least 30,000 innocent people were killed. Later Akbar placed a statue of these two brave Rajput warriors on the gates of Agra Fort.

Akbar and Rajputs

Akbar won the fort of Chittor but Rana Udai Singh was ruling mewar/maiwar from another places. On March 3, 1572 Udai Singh died and his son Rana Pratap sat on throne at Gogunda. He vowed that he will liberate Mewar/maiwar from Mughals and till then will not sleep on a bed, will not live in a palace, and will not have food in a plate (Thali). Akbar tried that Rana Pratap should have a treaty with him. But he did not succeed in it. Finally he sent an army under Raja Man Singh in 1576. Rana Pratap was defeated at the Battle of Haldighati in June 1576. Rana Pratap escaped from the battle and started guerrilla warfare with Mughals ultimately he was successful in liberating most of the Mewar except the fort of Chittor The Bargujar’s were main allies of Ranas of Mewar/Maiwar. Rana Pratap died on January 19, 1597 and Rana Amar Singh succeeded him. Akbar sent Salim in October 1603 to attack Mewar/Maiwar but he stopped at Fatehpur Sikri and sought permission from emperor to go to Allahabad and went there. In 1605 Salim sat on the throne and took the name of Jahangir.

Jehangir and Rajputs

Jahangir sent an army to attack Mewar/Maiwar in 1605 under his son Parvez. A battle was fought at Debari but was not decisive. Again in 1608 the Mughal emperor sent Mahabat Khan. In 1609 he was called back and Abdulla Khan was sent. Then Raja Basu was sent and then Mirza Ajij Koka was sent. But no conclusive victory could be achieved. Ultimately Jahangir himself arrived at Ajmer in 1613 and he appointed Shazada “Khurram” to fight against Mewar. Khurram devastated the areas of Mewar/Maiwar and cut the supplies to Rana. With the advice of the nobles and his crown prince “Karna” Rana sent a peace delegation to Khurram under Shubhkaran and Haridas. Khurram sought an approval of treaty from his father Jahangir at Ajmer. Jahangir issued a Farman (Order) to authorize the Khurram to agree a treaty with Rana Amar Singh. The treaty was agreed between Rana Amar Singh and prince “Khurram” in 1615 CE. 1.Rana of Mewar/Maiwar accepted Mughal sovereignty. 2.Mewar/Maiwar and the fort of Chittor was returned to Rana. 3.The fort of Chittor could not be repaired or renovated by Rana. 4.Rana of Mewar/Maiwar would not attend personally the Mughal court. Crown prince of Mewar will attend the court and give himself and his army for the Mughals. 5.It was not necessary for Rana to establish marriage alliance with Mughals.

This treaty was respectable for both parties and ended the 88-year long enmity between Mewar/Maiwar and the Mughals.

But we are proud that we are Indian

Aurangzeb and Rajput rebellion

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, who was far less tolerant of Hinduism than his predecessors, placed a Muslim on the throne of Marwar when the childless Maharaja Jaswant Singh died. This enraged the Rathores, and when Ajit Singh, Jaswant Singh’s son was born after his death Marwar nobles asked Aurangzeb to place Ajit on the throne. Aurangzeb refused and instead tried to have Ajit assassinated. Durgadas Rathore and the Dhaa Maa (wet nurse) of Ajit Singh of Marwar, Goora Dhaa (The Sainik Kshatriyas Gehlot Rajput of Mandore) and others smuggled Ajit out of Delhi to Jaipur, thus starting the 30 year Rajput rebellion against Aurangzeb. This rebellion united the Rajput clans, and a triple-pronged alliance was formed by the states of Marwar, Mewar, and Jaipur. One of the conditions of this alliance was that the rulers of Jodhpur and Jaipur should regain the privilege of marriage with the ruling Sesodia dynasty of Mewar, on the understanding that the offspring of Sesodia princesses should succeed to the throne over any other offspring. This stipulation would lend itself to many future conflict

Maratha Domination and British Rule

The quarrels among the Rajputs led to their inviting the Marathas for help in their power struggles; this resulted in the subjection of all the Rajput states to the Marathas. Jodhpur was conquered by Sindhia, who levied a tribute of 60,000 rupees, and took from it the fort and town of Ajmer. Internecine disputes and succession wars disturbed the peace of the early years of the century, and the Rajput princes asked for British protection from the Marathas during the Third Anglo-Maratha War of 1817-1818. At the conclusion of this war in 1818, 18 states in the Rajputana region, of which 15 were ruled by Rajputs, became princely states of the British Raj, while the British took direct control of Ajmer, which became the province of Ajmer-Merwara. A number of other Rajput states in central India, including Rewa, Ajaigarh, Barwani, Chhatarpur, Datia, Orchha, Samthar and Ratlam, became princely states as well, and were placed under the authority of the Central India Agency. :

Independent India

On India’s independence in 1947, there are 600 Princely States out of which Rajputs were ruling over more than 400 princely state so they were given three choices, join one of the two states Indian or Pakistan, or remain independent. Rajput rulers acceded to newly independent India; Rajputana was renamed Rajasthan and became an Indian state in 1950. The Maharajas were given special recognitions and an annual amount termed privy-purse was endowed them.

Many of the Rajput Maharajas entered politics and served India as elected representatives. In 1971, Indira Gandhi “de-recognized” the Maharajas and abolished the privy-purses. As a result, the Maharajas had to transform some of their palaces into hotels and tourist destinations. Today, the Maharajas still fulfill some of the ceremonial duties as recognized elders and private citizens in India.

References

Many many thanks of below reference  

http://www.uq.net.au/~zzhsoszy/ips/main.html

 Indian Princely States

^ Horace Hayman Wilson, The Vishnu Purana, Book 1 of 6: A System of Hindu Mythology and Tradition, kuru vansha

http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/History/CentralAsia.html

^ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6242530

^ Col. Todd, Annals of Rajasthan, Vol 1, Page 175

^ Matthew Atmore Sherring, Hindu tribes and castes, Volume 1, page 121

^ http://www.kipling.org.uk/rg_marque_royalraces.html

Rajasthan history books

Contact:

Rupendra Singh Chauhan

Jaipur Rajasthan

+91 8233251215 

Email: rupendra121001@gmail.com

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